Who is Admiral Tirpitz and what is his importance?
Alfred von Tirpitz, original name Alfred Tirpitz, (born March 19, 1849, Küstrin, Prussia—died March 6, 1930, Ebenhausen, near Munich), German admiral, the chief builder of the German Navy in the 17 years preceding World War I and a dominant personality of the emperor William II’s reign.
What was Tirpitz risk theory?
Tirpitz developed a “Risk Theory” whereby, if the German Imperial Navy reached a certain level of strength relative to the British Royal Navy, the British would try to avoid confrontation with Germany (that is, maintain a fleet in being). Politically and strategically, Tirpitz’s Risk Theory ensured its own failure.
What was the Weltpolitik policy?
Weltpolitik: The foreign policy adopted by the Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany in 1891, which marked a decisive break with former “Realpolitik.” The aim was to transform Germany into a global power through aggressive diplomacy, the acquisition of overseas colonies, and the development of a large navy.
What did Alfred von Tirpitz do?
Alfred von Tirpitz (1849-1930) was chiefly responsible, with the significant support of Kaiser Wilhelm II, for the build-up in strength of the German navy, including its submarine fleet, from 1897 until the years immediately prior to the First World War.
Who was the Tirpitz named after?
Grand Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz
Named after Grand Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz, the architect of the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy), the ship was laid down at the Kriegsmarinewerft Wilhelmshaven in November 1936 and her hull was launched two and a half years later.
What is the difference between realpolitik and Weltpolitik?
In 1890, in Germany Kaiser Wilhem II dismissed Otto Von Bismarck as a Chancellor, the mastermind of the whole diplomatic balance of European powers. German policy changed from a pragmatic one of attempting to maintain the “Status Quo” (REALPOLITIK) to a more idealistic policy of expansion and world power (WELTPOLITIK).
What is Weltpolitik and how might it relate to WWI?
Weltpolitik (German: [ˈvɛltpoliˌtiːk], “world politics”) was the imperialist foreign policy adopted by the German Empire during the reign of Emperor Wilhelm II. The aim of the policy was to transform Germany into a global power.
How many died on the Tirpitz?
William Garzke and Robert Dulin report the attack killed 122 men and wounded 316 others, while Hildebrand, Röhr, & Steinmetz report 132 fatalities and 270 wounded men, including the ship’s commander, KzS Hans Meyer. Two of the 15 cm turrets were destroyed by bombs, and both Ar 196 floatplanes were destroyed.
Where is the Tirpitz today?
The sinking place of the German battleship Tirpitz off Håkøy Island near Tromsø, Norway, in position 69º 38′ 49″ North, 18º 48′ 27″ East.
What did Alfred von Tirpitz do to the German Navy?
Prussia never had a major navy, nor did the other German states before the German Empire was formed in 1871. Tirpitz took the modest Imperial Navy and, starting in the 1890s, turned it into a world-class force that could threaten Britain’s Royal Navy.
When did Alfred von Tirpitz become Secretary of State?
In June 1897 Tirpitz became secretary of state of the Imperial Navy Department, an appointment that marked the beginning of his two-decade buildup of the German fleet in close collaboration with Emperor William II. (From left to right) William II, Alfred von Tirpitz, and Helmuth von Moltke on the battleship Friedrich der Grosse, 1912.
Who was the Grand Admiral of Germany in 1897?
Jump to navigation Jump to search. Alfred Peter Friedrich von Tirpitz (19 March 1849 – 6 March 1930) was a German Grand Admiral, Secretary of State of the German Imperial Naval Office, the powerful administrative branch of the German Imperial Navy from 1897 until 1916.
What was the name of the German naval laws?
The Naval Laws (German: Flottengesetze, “Fleet Laws”) were five separate laws passed by the German Empire, in 1898, 1900, 1906, 1908, and 1912.