What type of geography does Peru have?
The country has four distinct geographic areas: the narrow coastal desert region (about 25 to 40 miles wide), barren except for irrigated valleys; the Andean highlands or sierra, containing some of the world’s highest mountains; the “ceja de montana” (eyebrow of the mountain), a long narrow strip of mountainous jungle …
What are Peru’s 3 main geographical areas?
Peru is traditionally described in terms of three broad longitudinal regions: the arid Costa on the west; the rugged Sierra, or Andes, system in the centre; and the wet and forested Amazonia—the tropical Amazon Basin—on the east..
What is a very interesting fact about Peru?
2) Peru is one of the most biologically diverse countries in the world. One of the most interesting facts about Peru is that it has 90 different microclimates – climates that are restricted to a small area and are different from surrounding climates.
Where is Peru facts?
Peru Facts | Peru Geography Peru is the third largest country of South America. It is completely located in the southern hemisphere. Peru borders the Pacific Ocean to the west and five South American countries: Ecuador and Colombia to the North, Brazil and Bolivia to the East and Chile to the South.
What is the geography and climate of Peru?
Climate. With three different natural regions, the desert coast, the Andes and the jungle, the climate of Peru is very diverse, with a large variety of microclimates, including 28 of the 32 world climates. Being a tropical country, the general climate is mild, with little variation between winter and summer.
How is the terrain of Peru?
It is made up of a variety of landscapes, from mountains and beaches to deserts and rain forests. Most people live along the coast of the Pacific Ocean, where the capital, Lima, is located. Along Peru’s west coast is a narrow strip of desert 1,555 miles (2,500 kilometers) long.
How long is Peru’s coastline?
Geography of Peru
|Coastline||2,414 km (1,500 mi)|
|Borders||Total land borders: 7,461 km Bolivia: 1,075 km Brazil: 2,995 km Chile: 171 km Colombia: 1,800 km Ecuador: 1,420 km|
|Highest point||Huascarán Sur, 6,768 metres (22,205 ft)|
|Lowest point||Bayóvar Depression, −34 metres (−112 ft)|
What is Peru mostly known for?
Peru is famous for Machu Picchu, an impressive citadel built in the 1400s by the Incas, an ancient civilization that came from the Peruvian highlands in the early 1200s. The Incas ruled Peru for over 300 years until the Spanish conquered them in 1572. At its peak, the Incas were one of the largest Empires in the world.
Where does most of Peru’s population live?
GEOGRAPHY Peru is the third largest country in South America, after Brazil and Argentina. It is made up of a variety of landscapes, from mountains and beaches to deserts and rain forests. Most people live along the coast of the Pacific Ocean, where the capital, Lima, is located.
Where is Peru located in relation to South America?
She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. Peru is a country located on the western side of South America between Chile and Ecuador. It also shares borders with Bolivia, Brazil, and Colombia and has a coastline along the South Pacific Ocean.
What do you need to know about Peru?
FAST FACTS 1 GEOGRAPHY. Peru is the third largest country in South America, after Brazil and Argentina. 2 PEOPLE & CULTURE. The people of Peru are a mix of many different cultures, including Indians, Spaniards and other Europeans, descendants of African slaves, and Asians. 3 NATURE. 4 GOVERNMENT & ECONOMY. 5 HISTORY.
Geography and Climate of Peru Peru is located in the western part of South America just below the equator . It has a varied topography that consists of a coastal plain in the west, high rugged mountains in its center (the Andes), and a lowland jungle in the east that leads into the Amazon River basin.