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What type of animal is a turtle?

Turtles and tortoises are a very old group of reptiles, going back about 220 million years. Of all wildlife with backbones, turtles are the only ones that also have a shell, made up of 59 to 61 bones covered by plates called scutes, which are made of keratin like our fingernails.

Why do turtles have patterns on their shells?

But yes, the patterns on the shell of the turtle provides a quick way to identify a turtle because it is visual. For sea turtles for example, if the turtle has 5 ridges along the carapace instead of box-like scutes, it is a leatherback turtle. The turtle’s backbone and ribcages are fused with the shell.

What is the color of turtle?

Most turtles are brownish-gray, caramel-colored, gray, tan or dark brown. However, some turtles are black, white, yellow, orange, red, blue, purple, olive green, shades of green, and pink (really, turtles can be pink) Sea turtles are normally grayish with speckles.

What do turtles look like?

All turtles have either a round, smooth or spiny shell. Water turtles have a smooth shell with a tapered shape that’s designed for efficient swimming. The shell is a distinct feature that separates water turtles from land turtles. Snapping turtles occupy land and water environments and act as ambush predators.

Is Turtle a mammal or reptile?

Turtles are reptiles of the order Testudines that have bodies encased in bony shells. There are more than 350 species of turtles.

Is turtle a reptile or amphibian?

Reptiles are turtles, snakes, lizards, alligators and crocodiles. Unlike amphibians, reptiles breathe only through their lungs and have dry, scaly skin that prevents them from drying out. Amphibians and reptiles are together called herpetofauna, or “herps” for short.

What shapes are on a turtle shell?

The surface of a tortoise shell is covered in bony geometrical shapes called scutes that are packed tightly together. The scutes in the center of the shell are hexagons. These are surrounded by a ring of pentagons and irregular shapes, and finally a smooth outer edge of additional irregular shapes.

What are turtle eyes?

The turtles’ shells restrict their peripheral vision and limit their head mobility. As a result, when their heads are retracted, their eyes are more like those of forward-facing mammals, and when extended, their eyes are more like those of side-eyed mammals.

Can turtles have blue eyes?

DALLAS (CBSDFW.COM) – Parents will have the opportunity to show their children a rare, blue-eyed turtle named MJ at the Children’s Aquarium at Fair Park.

Are turtles dinosaurs?

Turtles are related to dinosaurs, and the latest genetic studies suggest turtles share the same ancestor. The earliest turtles existed together with the dinosaurs millions of years ago. Descendants of ancient turtles are still present today, with most of them being species of sea turtles.

Are turtles lizards?

What are amphibians and reptiles? Amphibians are frogs, toads, newts and salamanders. Reptiles are turtles, snakes, lizards, alligators and crocodiles. Unlike amphibians, reptiles breathe only through their lungs and have dry, scaly skin that prevents them from drying out.

What kind of turtles live in a pond?

1 Sliders, Cooters, and Pond Turtles 2 Leaf Turtles 3 Terrapins 4 Snapping Turtles 5 Box Turtle Species 6 Musk Turtle Species 7 Mud Turtle Species 8 Map Turtle Species 9 Painted Turtle Species 10 Wood Turtle Species

What kind of turtles are there in the world?

1 Mud Turtle 2 Painted Turtle 3 Bog Turtle 4 Desert Box Turtle 5 Wood Turtle 6 Blanding’s Turtle 7 Pig Nosed Turtle

What kind of turtles are in the leatherback family?

This family includes the hawksbill, green, flatback, loggerhead, Kemp’s ridley, and olive ridley turtles. These all look fairly similar when compared to the seventh species, the leatherback.

What kind of turtle has 12 scutes and a plastron?

If the toes are webbed, and the plastron isn’t hinged, refer to the next section. The eastern box turtle has 12 scutes and elephant-like feet. The toes are not webbed and the plastron is hinged allowing the turtle to be completely enclosed in its shell. The scientific name of the eastern box turtle is Terrapene carolina carolina.