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What is the relative location of the Aral Sea?

Where is the Aral Sea located? The Aral Sea stands at the boundary between Kazakhstan to the north and Uzbekistan to the south. It was once a large saltwater lake of Central Asia and the world’s fourth largest body of inland water.

Where is the Aral Sea located What countries surround the Aral Sea?

The Aral Sea, also known as Orol Dengizi (Uzbek) or Aral Tengizi (Kazakh) is a saline lake in Central Asia straddling the boundary between Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan to the south and north.

How much annual inflow km3 is needed to keep the level of the Aral Sea from shrinking any further?

UNESCO (2000) has forecast that the Aral Sea basin will need to maintain water flow of 23 km 3 annually (until 2025) to stabilize the lake at its level in 2000. Due to the Soviet planned irrigation system, the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers are heavily used for irrigation.

What is the main industry in Aralsk today?

Aralsk and Muinak are towns in which fishing used to be the main industry.

Where is the Caspian Sea on a world map?

Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
Location Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and Western Asia
Coordinates 41°40′N 50°40′ECoordinates: 41°40′N 50°40′E
Type Ancient lake, Endorheic, saline, permanent, natural

What human activities caused Aral Sea to shrink?

Intensive irrigation of cotton plantations in the deserts of the western Soviet Union prevented water reaching the Aral Sea, leading to the drastically low levels we see today. This in turn meant the highly-salty waters killed off many plants and animals.

What problem took place in the Aral Sea region?

The water from the diverted Syr Darya river is used to irrigate about two million hectares (5,000,000 acres) of farmland in the Ferghana Valley. The Aral Sea region is heavily polluted, with consequent serious public health problems….

Aral Sea
Average depth North: 8.7 m (29 ft) (2014) South: 14–15 m (46–49 ft) (2005)

What rivers feed the Aral Sea?

The two rivers that feed it are the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers, respectively reaching the Sea through the South and the North.

What is the main cause of death of Aral Sea?

A relatively shallow water level spread across a large surface area has led to faster evaporation. This has caused over 90 per cent loss in the volume of water in the last six decades. Once the world’s fourth-largest lake, it now hosts travellers who visit to witness the apocalyptic landscape.

Which countries surround the Caspian Sea?

Russia, Iran, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan – all bordering the Caspian Sea – have agreed in principle on how to divide it up. Their leaders signed the Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea in the Kazakh city of Aktau on Sunday.

Where does the Caspian Sea get its water from?

The Caspian Sea is endorheic, meaning it has no natural outlets. More than 130 rivers flow into the Caspian Sea, according to Natural History Magazine, none of which are in the east. The primary tributary is the Volga River in the north, which provides about 80 percent of the inflowing water.

How big is the Aral Sea in square kilometers?

Up to the late 20th century, the shallow Aral Sea was the world’s fourth-largest saline lake, spanning 63,000 square kilometers. However, the lake started shrinking in the 1960s, when the Soviet government decided to divert two of its main inlet rivers, the Syr Darya and the Amu Darya, to irrigate the surrounding desert region.

What kind of climate does the Aral Sea have?

The two rivers accounted for 75% of the water into the lake, while 25% was rainwater. The Aral Sea is located within the harsh climate region of Central Asia. The area experiences a desert-continental climate, characterized by hot summers, cold winters, and varying diurnal air temperature.

When did the South Aral Sea start to retreat?

By 2001, the southern connection had been severed, and the shallower eastern part retreated rapidly over the next several years. Especially large retreats in the eastern lobe of the South Aral Sea appear to have occurred between 2005 and 2009, when drought limited and then cut off the flow of the Amu Darya.

Why did the Soviets divert water from the Aral Sea?

As part of the plan, waters from the Syr Darya and the Amu Darya were diverted from flowing into the Aral Sea to irrigate the desert region. The Soviets converted large tracts of unused land in Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan into farmland and depended on water from the two rivers and their tributaries.