What is the legitimating rationale of a class system?
Legitimating Rationales are generally accepted beliefs that something is fair and just. E.g., Beliefs about why some people are ranked higher than others and why that is fair. In caste systems, a person’s rank is determined at birth and there is no chance of changing rank in that person’s lifetime.
What is legitimizing rationale?
Legitimizing rationale- • Generally accepted beliefs that something is fair and just.
What causes stratification sociology?
Sociologists recognize that a variety of factors, including social class, race, gender, sexuality, nationality, and sometimes religion, influence stratification. As such, they tend to take an intersectional approach to analyzing the phenomenon.
Why do sociologists study social stratification?
Stratification is a study, how social position determines other aspect of life such as the organization of the family adherence to religion, political participation, style of life, extent of education, etc., the study of stratification is therefore the basis of Sociology because it is very important in the study of all …
Why does social mobility occur?
Some people move downward because of business setbacks, unemployment, or illness. Dropping out of school, losing a job, or getting a divorce may result in a loss of income or status and, therefore, downward social mobility. It is not uncommon for different generations of a family to belong to varying social classes.
How does primary deviance differ from secondary deviance?
Primary deviance refers to the violation of a norm or rule that does not result in the violator’s being stigmatized as deviant, but secondary deviance refers to a deviant behaviour that is a result of being publicly labelled as deviant and treated as an outsider.
What is legitimizing power?
Legitimising political power is about people’s norms and values. These values are most important than personal interests and seem to be highly universal. ‘ Mazepus believes that legitimacy can contribute to the stability of political regimes.
What is the legitimization of law?
It basically means adhering or conforming to the laws/rules. Saying that something is legitimate makes it right, gives it an authoritative or binding character. Legitimation is the noun form of legitimate.
Why is stratification important in the society?
The main function of social stratification is to make the people of upper strata to work hard and to live up to their positions and status. Pearson argues that American society values the achievements and efficiency of individual and puts emphasis on hard work and productive activity within the economy.
What is stratification sociology?
Social stratification refers to a ranking of people or groups of people within a society. But the term was defined by the earliest sociologists as something more than the almost universal inequalities that exist in all but the least complex of societies.
What is the importance of social stratification in society?
Stratification leads to more productive society. Social Stratification provides motivation for different positions, particularly those which carry higher statuses and rewards. By distributing resources unequally, society motivates people to work harder and better in order to achieve a higher status.
What is mobility sociology?
Social mobility refers to the ability to change positions within a social stratification system. When people improve or diminish their economic status in a way that affects social class, they experience social mobility. Upward mobility refers to an increase—or upward shift—in social class. …
What is the definition of legitimacy in politics?
Legitimacy is commonly defined in political science and sociology as the belief that a rule, institution, or leader has the right to govern. It is a judgment by an individual about the rightfulness of a hierarchy between rule or ruler and its subject and about the subordinate’s obligations toward the rule or ruler.
Which is the best description of the process of legitimation?
Legitimation is the process by which actors strive to create legitimacy for a rule or ruler. Where legitimacy as a belief is a subjective and an individualistic quality, legitimation is a process that is inherently social and political.
What are the three bases of legitimate rule?
Weber famously identified three bases for legitimate rule in society (rational-legal, charismatic, and traditional) and argued that the presence of legitimate authority structures the society in such a way that even those who do not share the belief in its legitimacy face incentives to behave as if they did.
Why do people see certain institutions as legitimate?
One model suggests that people see as legitimate those institutions or rules that benefit them. This self-serving account of legitimation is consistent with the theoretical model of instrumental rationality and is popular in rational-choice models of social life.