What is meant by spandrel beam?
: the exterior beam in steel or concrete construction that marks the floor level between stories.
What is spandrel shape?
A spandrel is a roughly triangular space, usually found in pairs, between the top of an arch and a rectangular frame; between the tops of two adjacent arches or one of the four spaces between a circle within a square.
What is a spandrel wall?
A spandrel, less often spandril or splaundrel, is the space between two arches or between an arch and a rectangular enclosure.
What is spandrel material?
Glass spandrels are glass products that are designed to be opaque. Traditionally, the opaqueness is created by applying an opaque coating or film to the indoor surface of the glass. Ceramic enamel frits, silicone based paints, and plastic or metal films are typically used as opacifying materials.
What does spandrel mean in psychology?
A spandrel is a phenotypic characteristic that evolved as a side effect of a true adaptation. The important implication of this idea for Evolutionary Psychology being, that therefore not every trait can be accounted for in terms of adaptive advantage.
What are spandrel panels?
Spandrel Panels are the area of a curtain wall or screen located between vision areas of windows, which conceal structural columns, floor slabs and shear walls.
What is spandrel made of?
Primarily, the spandrel roof is made from a pre-painted metal sheet or PVC materials. Spandrel has a functional beauty for a perfect finish on eaves, ceilings, and shades. The most common material utilized in spandrels is steel, and often, steel companies deal with the same type of material.
What is spandrel in facade?
Spandrel Panels are the area of a curtain wall or screen located between vision areas of windows, which conceal structural columns, floor slabs and shear walls. A large spectrum of ceramic products are available from Euroview in monolithic or IGU form.
What is a spandrel in evolutionary biology?
An evolutionary spandrel is a physical structure or behavioural characteristic that is a by-product from some other functional adaptation.
What is the difference between adaptation and exaptation?
While adaptation refers to a feature produced by natural selection for its current function (e.g. echolocation in bats), exaptation has been defined as a feature that performs a function but was not produced by natural selection for its current use (e.g. feathers that might have originally arisen in the context of …
What do you mean by spandrel in architecture?
That segment of architecture is called a spandrel. For centuries, many buildings used arches for entrances and as a way to support walls. In these structures, a spandrel is the roughly triangular space between arches and the wall or ceiling above them. Spandrels may be found between two arches or between an arch and the rectangular area around it.
What kind of space is a spandrel in a church?
A spandrel is an architectural element. In old buildings like medieval churches or palaces, it’s the roughly triangular space between arches and the ceiling above them or between an arch’s upper curving line and its surrounding rectangular border.
How is an open spandrel deck arch bridge named?
If the spandrel is made of a number of vertical columns, then it is called as an open spandrel deck arch bridge. For the case that an arch only supports the deck at the crown (peak of the arch), it is named as a cathedral arch bridge.
When do arches adjoin is it called a spandrel wall?
When arches adjoin, the entire area between their crowns and springing line is a spandrel. If it is filled in, as is ordinarily the case, the resulting structure is termed a spandrel wall. In medieval architecture it was usually ornamented.