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What is a defamiliarization in literature?

a theory and technique, originating in the early 20th century, in which an artistic or literary work presents familiar objects or situations in an unfamiliar way, prolonging the perceptive process and allowing for a fresh perspective.

What is literary estrangement?

An issue of: Poetics Today In essence, estrangement is a method of analyzing the artfulness, rather than the psychological meaning or logical message, of imaginative works of prose and poetry. One contributor considers Diderot’s views on art alongside certain modern views on poetry.

What is defamiliarization with example?

For example, Tolkien’s work “The Lord of Rings” may be considered in terms of defamiliarization usage. All characters of the story represent some archetypes of people; dwarfs are the laborers, the brave and hard-working class wishing to retain their right for freedom and free toil.

How is defamiliarization used in literature?

Like all such devices, defamiliarization draws the reader’s attention to something you consider important in terms of affect. In other words, you use defamiliarization to shove the reader into a piece of text meaning and tell them “Here, look at this. It reveals a lot”.

What is Defamiliarization according to shklovsky?

The Russian Formalists’ concept of “Defamiliarization”, proposed by Viktor Shklovsky in his Art as Technique, refers to the literary device whereby language is used in such a way that ordinary and familiar objects are made to look different. Thus literary language is ordinary language deformed and made strange.

What is Defamiliarization in satire?

Defamiliarization refers to a writer’s taking an everyday object that we all recognize and, with a wave of his or her authorial magic wand, rendering that same object weirdly unfamiliar to us—strange even.

What does Literariness mean in literature?

Thus, literariness is defined as being the feature that makes a given work a literary work. It distinguishes a literary work from ordinary texts by using certain artistic devices such as metre, rhyme, and other patterns of sound and repetition.

What causes estrangement?

A family member’s sexual orientation, choice of spouse, gender identity, disability, religion or lack thereof may cause the estranged party to feel judged, unloved, or unaccepted causing them to initiate the estrangement or may cause the parents to disown their child.

What is the importance of Defamiliarization in popular culture?

From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia Defamiliarization or ostranenie (остранение) is the artistic technique of forcing the audience to see common things in an unfamiliar or strange way, in order to enhance perception of the familiar.

Which theory of poetry is propounded by TS Eliot?

T. S. Eliot’s essay “Tradition and the Individual Talent” was published in the year 1919 in which his views on impersonality of the artist first appeared. The Impersonal theory propounded by T.S. Furthermore, the impersonal theory of poetry is also opposed to psycho-analytical criticism.

What is Defamiliarization in anthropology?

Defamiliarization or ostranenie (Russian: остранение, IPA: [ɐstrɐˈnʲenʲɪjə]) is the artistic technique of presenting to audiences common things in an unfamiliar or strange way so they could gain new perspectives and see the world differently.

Who wrote well wrought urn?

Cleanth Brooks
The Well Wrought Urn/Authors

The Well Wrought Urn: Studies in the Structure of Poetry is a 1947 collection of essays by Cleanth Brooks. It is considered a seminal text in the New Critical school of literary criticism.

Who is Viktor Shklovsky and what did he do?

Viktor Shklovsky (1893-1984) was a leading figure in the Russian Formalist movement of the 1920s and had a profound effect on twentieth-century Russian literature.

When was Viktor Shklovsky’s theory of prose published?

Viktor Shklovsky’s Theory of Prose was published in 1925. Shklovsky himself is still praised as “one of the most important literary and cultural theorists of the twentieth century” ( Modern Language Association Prize Committee); “one of the most lively and irreverent minds of the last century” ( David Bellos );

What did Viktor Shklovsky mean by defamiliarization?

The Russian Formalists’ concept of “Defamiliarization”, proposed by Viktor Shklovsky in his Art as Technique, refers to the literary device whereby language is used in such a way that ordinary and familiar objects are made to look different. It is a process of transformation where language asserts its power to affect our perception.

When did Viktor Shklovsky write art as device?

He explained the concept in 1917 in the important essay “Art as Technique” (also translated as “Art as Device”) which comprised the first chapter of his seminal Theory of Prose, first published in 1925. He argued for the need to turn something that has become over-familiar, like a cliché in the literary canon, into something revitalized: