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What does endocervical squamous metaplastic cells present mean?

Endocervical cells present. This phrase means that cells from the inside of your cervical canal were sampled at the time of the pap test, which is something your doctor tries to do. Squamous metaplastic cells present. Here the pathologist noted cells that were growing or repairing themselves, which is a normal process.

What does it mean when endocervical and/or squamous metaplastic cells endocervical component are present?

Current guidelines state, “The presence of squamous cells, endocervical cells and/or metaplastic cells on a smear suggests a high probability that the transformation zone has been sampled, which is necessary for a cervical smear to be considered optimal.” The guidelines continue: “The absence of a transformation zone …

What does it mean when Metaplastic cells are present?

Metaplasia – Metaplasia is generally described as a process of cell growth or cell repair that is benign (not cancerous). This process normally occurs in unborn babies, during adolescence, and with the first pregnancy.

What are squamous metaplastic cells?

Squamous metaplastic cells are round to polygonal in shape with dense biphasic staining cytoplasm and round centrally located nuclei. They arise from the basal layer of glandular epithelium as a protective response to stimuli, creating the transformation zone.

What are squamous metaplastic cells in a Pap smear?

Squamous Metaplasia. The most common protective mechanism of the endocervical epithelium of the uterine cervix is squamous metaplasia. The term metaplasia implies the transformation of one cell type into another type of cell, the latter being of a lower organizational order.

How is squamous metaplasia treated?

Conclusion: The therapeutic management of keratinizing squamous metaplasia is controversial, and currently no effective medical therapy is available for its treatment. Actually, patients undergo transurethral resections and a multidisciplinary approach is required to avoid cystectomy.

What is cervical squamous metaplasia?

Squamous metaplasia in the cervix refers to the physiological replacement of the everted columnar epithelium on the ectocervix by a newly formed squamous epithelium from the subcolumnar reserve cells. The region of the cervix where squamous metaplasia occurs is referred to as the transformation zone.

What causes squamous metaplastic cells?

Factors in the initiation and promotion of squamous metaplasia are chronic irritation of a physical nature, such as that caused by an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD), chemical irritants, inflammation with cell destruction, and endocrine changes at the beginning of, during, and after reproductive age.

What does endocervical mean?

The endocervix is the opening of the uterus. If you have an infection in your genital tract, your doctor may order a culture of the endocervix to help determine the cause. This test is sometimes called a: vaginal culture.

How many biopsies are taken during colposcopy?

“The full benefit of earlier detection of HSIL by screening using HPV testing will depend on improvement and standardization of colposcopy.” At least two or three biopsies should be taken based on these results.

What does endocervical and or squamous metaplastic cells are present?

what does endocervical and or squamous metaplastic cells are present mean? Adequate smear: If your smear reveal endocervical and squamous cells, it means your smear is satisfactory for evaluation, adequate to rule out human papilloma virus changes, to rule out high or low grade intraepithelial neoplasia.

What is endocervical component present in Pap smear?

The presence of endocervical component (ECs) on cervical smears is considered essential for determining the adequacy of the Pap smear. The absence of an endocervical component in a negative smear suggests that a repeat Pap smear should be taken.

What do abnormal squamous cells on a Pap smear mean?

Atypical squamous cells of uncertain significance. Also called “ASCUS.” The pathologist sees abnormal cells, but doesn’t know why. Could be an infection, could be the start of a true abnormality. Your gyno will either repeat the test in 6-12 months, or order an HPV test.