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What does decompressed colon mean?

In cases where the colon is enlarged, a treatment called decompression may provide relief. Decompression can be done with colonoscopy, a procedure in which a thin tube is inserted into your anus and guided into the colon. Decompression can also be done through surgery.

What is Ahaustral colon?

The haustra of the colon (singular haustrum) are the small pouches caused by sacculation, which give the colon its segmented appearance. The taenia coli runs the length of the large intestine. Because the taenia coli is shorter than the intestine, the colon becomes sacculated between the taenia, forming the haustra.

How is colonic decompression performed?

The endoscope is gently advanced through the apex into the dilated sigmoid colon. Immediate and aggressive endoscopic evacuation of air and liquid stool is performed to decompress the colon. This is the proximal point of torsional obstruction. The endoscope reaches the splenic flexure.

What causes narrowing of the sigmoid colon?

One main cause of colon strictures is inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. A cycle of inflammation and healing leads to scar tissue that narrows the intestine. Other possible causes include: Bulging on the intestine wall (diverticulosis)

Can narrowing of the colon be reversed?

When strictures are caused by disease inflammation, initial treatment may typically include medication to help improve the narrowing of the intestines. Surgery may also be a necessary option. Strictureplasty and small bowel resection are two surgical procedures to repair a stricture.

What does sigmoid colon pain feel like?

If there’s a problem in your sigmoid colon, you’ll probably feel abdominal pain. You might feel nauseated or lose your appetite, and you might experience either diarrhea or constipation. You might also notice blood in your stool.

What do bowel adhesions feel like?

Most abdominal adhesions don’t cause symptoms, but if they do, crampy gas pains are usually the first one to appear, Dr. Johnson says. Other warning signs – bloating, nausea, vomiting, and constipation – could point to a bowel obstruction.