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What does cretinism look like?

Cretinism may be of two types: Neurological or myxedematatos. The three characteristic features of neurological endemic cretinism in its fully developed form are extremely severe mental deficiency together with squint, deaf mutism, and motor spasticity. They usually have a goiter.

What are the signs and symptoms of cretinism?

Signs of cretinism or congenital hypothyroidism in a newborn include:

  • lack of weight gain.
  • stunted growth.
  • fatigue, lethargy.
  • poor feeding.
  • thickened facial features.
  • abnormal bone growth.
  • mental retardation.
  • very little crying.

How does hypothyroidism affect your face?

The most common skin change is puffiness or swelling due to a build-up of fluid in deep layer of the skin (dermis), which can lead to swollen lips, hands, legs, face and eyelids. Everyone’s skin reacts differently to low thyroid function—you may have noticed some or all of these changes.

Does Hashimoto’s make your face puffy?

Hypothyroidism is underactivity of the thyroid gland that leads to inadequate production of thyroid hormones and a slowing of vital body functions. Facial expressions become dull, the voice is hoarse, speech is slow, eyelids droop, and the eyes and face become puffy.

What is neurological cretinism?

Neurologic cretinism is thought to be caused by severe IDD with hypothyroidism in the mother during pregnancy and is characterized by mental retardation, abnormal gait, and deaf-mutism, but not by goiter or hypothyroidism in the child.

Does cretinism still exist?

Cretinism still exists in remote rural areas of many countries (8) with an estimated 2 mil- lion children affected globally every year (2).

What causes cretinism?

Cretinism is a condition of severe physical and mental retardation due to iodine deficiency, and specifically due to deficiency of thyroid hormones during early pregnancy.

Does hypothyroidism affect eyes?

Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) isn’t usually associated with eye disease. In severe cases, however, hypothyroidism may cause swelling around the eyes and a loss of the hairs in the outer part of the eyebrows.

What hormone is involved in cretinism?

What are some of the symptoms of cretinism?

Cretinism: Historical and Epidemiological Studies Clinical features Neurological cretinism Congenital hypothyroidism Mental retardation Present, often severe Present, less severe Deaf mutism Usually present Absent Cerebral diplegia Often present Absent Stature Normal Severe growth retardation usual

Which is the best description of myxedematous cretinism?

Myxedematous Cretinism: The conditions observed are Retarded growth, Incomplete maturation of facial expression, Thickened and dry skin, Small and dry hair, eyelashes and eyebrows, Mental retardation of comparatively lesser intensity to neurological cretinism, Delayed sexual maturation, and other clinical manifestations of hypothyroidism.

What are the signs of cretinism in a newborn?

Signs of cretinism or congenital hypothyroidism in a newborn include: lack of weight gain

Can a pregnant woman give birth to cretinism?

Iodine intake as low as 25 mcg/day during pregnancy would be a potential risk factor for giving birth to cretinism neonates. Neurological Cretinism: This type of cretinism shows features like retarded growth, deaf-mutism, motor spasticity, severe mental retardation with squint.