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What did Philippe Petain do wrong?

After the war, Pétain was tried and convicted for treason. He was originally sentenced to death, but due to his age and World War I service his sentence was commuted to life in prison.

What was the significance of Vichy France?

Vichy France, formally French State, French État Français, (July 1940–September 1944), France under the regime of Marshal Philippe Pétain from the Nazi German defeat of France to the Allied liberation in World War II.

What happened to the Vichy leaders?

Pierre Laval, the puppet leader of Nazi-occupied Vichy France, is executed by firing squad for treason against France. Henri Pétain took over the new Vichy state, and Laval served as minister of state. …

What does Vichy mean in French?

Vichynoun. a town in central France (south of Paris) noted for hot mineral springs; was capital of the unoccupied part of France during World War II.

What side was Vichy France on?

Despite heavy pressure, the French government at Vichy never joined the Axis powers and even remained formally at war with Germany. Conversely, Vichy France became a collaborationist regime….Vichy France.

Preceded by Succeeded by
French Third Republic Provisional Government of the French Republic

Was Mitterrand a socialist?

In the presidential election of 10 May 1981, François Mitterrand became the first socialist President of the Fifth Republic, and his government became the first left-wing government in 23 years. The Socialists obtained an absolute parliamentary majority, and four Communists joined the cabinet.

What did Francois Mitterrand call the Vichy regime?

François Mitterrand has been called a ” Vichysto-résistant ” (an expression used by the historian Jean-Pierre Azéma to describe people who supported Marshal Philippe Pétain, the head of the Vichy Regime, before 1943, but subsequently rejected the Vichy Regime).

What did Francois Mitterrand do in the French Revolution?

François Mitterrand worked from January to April 1942 for the Légion française des combattants et des volontaires de la révolution nationale [ fr] (Legion of French combatants and volunteers of the national revolution) as a civil servant on a temporary contract.

What kind of family did Francois Mitterrand come from?

Mitterrand was born in Jarnac, Charente, and baptized François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand, the son of Joseph Mitterrand and Yvonne Lorrain. His family was devoutly Catholic and conservative. His father worked as an engineer for the Compagnie Paris Orléans railway.

Where was Francois Mitterrand captured in World War 2?

François Mitterrand was at the end of his national service when the war broke out. He fought as an infantry sergeant and was injured and captured by the Germans on 14 June 1940. He was held prisoner at Stalag IXA near Ziegenhain (today part of Schwalmstadt, a town near Kassel in Hesse ).