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What are the eight organic compounds?


  • fructose (C6H12O6)
  • glucose (C₆H₁₂O₆)
  • allose (C₆H₁₂O₆)
  • altrose (C₆H₁₂O₆)
  • galactose (C₆H₁₂O₆)
  • gulose (C₆H₁₂O₆)
  • arabinose (C5H10O5)
  • erythrose (C4H8O4)

What are the functional groups in organic compound?

In organic chemistry, the most common functional groups are carbonyls (C=O), alcohols (-OH), carboxylic acids (CO2H), esters (CO2R), and amines (NH2). It is important to be able to recognize the functional groups and the physical and chemical properties that they afford compounds.

What are the 10 functional groups in organic chemistry?

Functional groups in organic compounds

  • Alkanes.
  • Alkenes and alkynes.
  • Ethers and sulfides.
  • Amines.
  • Aldehydes, ketones, and imines.
  • Nitriles.

What is organic compound class 8?

organic compound, any of a large class of chemical compounds in which one or more atoms of carbon are covalently linked to atoms of other elements, most commonly hydrogen, oxygen, or nitrogen. The few carbon-containing compounds not classified as organic include carbides, carbonates, and cyanides.

What are the functions of each group of organic compounds?

The carbohydrates are used as the main energy source of most plants and animals. The lipids are used to store energy for later usage. The proteins are used to control the rate of reactions and regulate cell processes, and to transport substances in and out of cells and to fight diseases. 2.

What are types of organic compounds?

Most organic compounds making up our cells and body belong to one of four classes: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. These molecules are incorporated into our bodies with the food we eat.

What is organic chemistry example?

Organic chemistry is the study of the structure, properties, composition, reactions, and preparation of carbon-containing compounds. Most organic compounds contain carbon and hydrogen, but they may also include any number of other elements (e.g., nitrogen, oxygen, halogens, phosphorus, silicon, sulfur).

What is organic and inorganic compound?

A chemical compound refers to any substance made up of two or more elements that are chemically bonded together. In general, an organic compound is a type of compound that contains the carbon atom. Conversely, an inorganic compound would be one that does not contain carbon.

What are the 7 functional groups in organic chemistry?

Functional groups include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl.

Each type of organic molecule has its own specific type of functional group. Functional groups in biological molecules play an important role in the formation of molecules like DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids. Functional groups include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl , carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl.

How can I identify functional groups in organic chemistry?

IR (infrared) spectroscopy is useful in organic chemistry because it enables you to identify different functional groups. This is because each functional group contains certain bonds, and these bonds always show up in the same places in the IR spectrum.

How do functional groups affect organic molecules?

Functional groups are attached to the carbon backbone of organic molecules. They determine the characteristics and chemical reactivity of molecules. The same functional group undergoes the same chemical reactions regardless of the size of the molecule it is a part of. Functional groups are less stable than the carbon backbone.

What do functional groups of organic molecules do?

In organic chemistry,a functional group is a set of atoms within molecules that function together to react in predictable ways.

  • Functional groups undergo the same chemical reactions no matter how large or small the molecule is.
  • Covalent bonds link the atoms within functional groups and connect them to the rest of the molecule.