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What are the after effects of rubella?

After-effects of rubella are rare among children, although there have been cases of joint pain (arthralgia), sleeping sickness and blood clotting problems. Adult women who contract rubella are often left with chronic joint pains.

What happens if rubella is not treated?

People who catch the measles develop symptoms such as a fever, cough, and runny nose. A telltale rash is the hallmark of the disease. If measles isn’t treated, it can lead to complications such as ear infection, pneumonia, and encephalitis (inflammation of the brain).

How long does it take to recover from rubella?

The rubella rash usually lasts 3 days. Lymph nodes may be swollen for a week or more, and joint pain can last for more than 2 weeks. Children who have rubella usually recover within 1 week, but adults may take longer.

How serious is rubella in adults?

Rubella is a mild infection. Once you’ve had the disease, you’re usually permanently immune. Some women who have had rubella experience arthritis in the fingers, wrists and knees, which generally lasts for about one month. In rare cases, rubella can cause an ear infection or inflammation of the brain.

What does rubella look like in adults?

Most adults who get rubella usually have a mild illness, with low-grade fever, sore throat, and a rash that starts on the face and spreads to the rest of the body. Some adults may also have a headache, pink eye, and general discomfort before the rash appears.

What if rubella test is positive?

A positive test is 1.0 or higher. That means you have rubella antibodies in your blood and are immune to future infection. A negative test is 0.7 or lower. You have too few antibodies to make you immune.

What causes rubella in adults?

Rubella is caused by a virus that’s passed from person to person. It can spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It can also spread by direct contact with an infected person’s respiratory secretions, such as mucus.

Who is most at risk for rubella?

Rubella is very dangerous for a pregnant woman and her developing baby. Anyone who is not vaccinated against rubella is at risk of getting the disease.

What happens if a pregnant woman is exposed to rubella?

Pregnant women who contract rubella are at risk for miscarriage or stillbirth, and their developing babies are at risk for severe birth defects with devastating, lifelong consequences. CRS can affect almost everything in the developing baby’s body. The most common birth defects from CRS can include: Deafness.

Can rubella cause death?

Rubella (German measles) is a viral illness that causes a skin rash and joint pain. A rubella infection is mild for most people, but can cause death or birth defects in an unborn baby. The rubella vaccine is available in combined vaccines that also contain vaccines against other serious and potentially fatal diseases.

What are the symptoms of rubella on the face?

The rash generally first appears on the face and then spreads to the rest of the body, and lasts about three days. Other symptoms that may occur 1 to 5 days before the rash appears include: a low-grade fever.

What happens to a baby if you get rubella?

Rubella is a contagious disease caused by a virus. Most people who get rubella usually have a mild illness, with symptoms that can include a low-grade fever, sore throat, and a rash that starts on the face and spreads to the rest of the body. Rubella can cause a miscarriage or serious birth defects in a developing baby if a woman is infected…

When to see a doctor for rubella symptoms?

When to see a doctor. Contact your doctor if you think you or your child may have been exposed to rubella or if you have the signs or symptoms listed above. If you’re contemplating getting pregnant, check your vaccination record to make sure you’ve received your MMR inoculations.

How long does it take for a rubella rash to develop?

A characteristic feature is post-auricular, occipital and posterior cervical adenopathy (swelling of the lymph nodes), which precedes a red, maculopapular rash by 5–10 days. The rash occurs in 50–80% of rubella-infected persons, begins on the face and neck, and progresses to the lower parts of the body, lasting about three days.