What are the 5 virtue ethics?
Honesty, courage, compassion, generosity, fidelity, integrity, fairness, self-control, and prudence are all examples of virtues.
What are virtue based ethics?
Virtue ethics is person rather than action based: it looks at the virtue or moral character of the person carrying out an action, rather than at ethical duties and rules, or the consequences of particular actions.
What are the ethics of war?
The ethics of war explores the moral limits and possibilities of conflict. The argument proceeds from a just war standpoint which balances rules or principles against the moral capacities and dispositions of belligerents and the particular circumstances in which they act.
What did Plato say about virtue ethics?
Like most other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, happiness or well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues (aretê: ‘excellence’) are the requisite skills and dispositions needed to attain it.
Who made virtue ethics?
In the West, virtue ethics’ founding fathers are Plato and Aristotle, and in the East it can be traced back to Mencius and Confucius.
When was virtue ethics created?
The concept reached its apotheosis in Aristotle’s “Nicomachean Ethics” in the 4th Century B.C.. Aristotle held that eudaimonia is constituted, not by honor, wealth or power, but by rational activity in accordance with virtue over a complete life, what might be described today as productive self-actualization.
Is war ethical or unethical?
A war might be ethical but the means unethical, for instance, using landmines, torture, chemicals and current debate is concerned with drones. Just War theory sets out principles for a war to be ethical. The war must be: Waged by a legitimate authority (usually interpreted as states)
Does war have morality?
Non-Combatant Immunity: Non-combatants on all sides in a war are morally and legally immune to intentional attack. They are innocent in the generic sense—that is, they are illegitimate targets of attack.
What does Socrates say about virtue?
Socrates hold view that desires are unable to master knowledge. Virtue is teachable and those who do wrong things do not have knowledge they are ignorant being when they realize they are doing wrong as the property of knowledge is that no one can harm himself, and every one wants to live life in best possible manner.
What is the origin of virtue ethics?
Like much of the Western tradition, virtue theory seems to have originated in ancient Greek philosophy. Virtue ethics began with Socrates, and was subsequently developed further by Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics. However, most theorists agree that morality comes as a result of intrinsic virtues.
Who is the founder of the philosophy of peace?
Aristotle also identifies justice as a virtue, and many peace theorists emphasize the inter-relationship between peace and justice. Further, some writers have specifically identified peace or peacefulness as a virtue in itself.
Is the Treaty of Peace a cause of war?
The causes for making future wars (which are perhaps unknown to the contracting parties) are without exception annihilated by the treaty of peace, even if they should be dug out of dusty documents by acute sleuthing.
Is there an ethical commonality in the philosophy of peace?
There is also an ethical commonality in traditions, in that peaceful existence and actions are set forth as an ethical norm, notwithstanding that there are exceptions to this. It is in defining and understanding the exceptions that there is a degree of complexity.
What’s the difference between positive and negative peace?
In general terms, one may differentiate negative peace, that is, the relative absence of violence and war, from positive peace, that is, the presence of justice and harmonious relations. One may also refer to integrative peace, which sees peace as encompassing both social and personal dimensions.