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June 14, 2017

Social youth subjectivity (Part 3)

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The approaches to the empirical study of social subjectivity youth. You can accept the hypothesis that the following common characteristics will be fixed at the top of the properties of the individual as a social subject of the scale for the purposes of empirical research:

  1. The subject is the intellectual development of the organizer, coordinator and controller of his life.
  2. The subject has a high degree of self-regulation and self-organization. The subject is able to use its resources optimally and specifically, the possibility of experience, and so on. D. To solve the problem.
  3. Subject to effectively resolve conflicts arising from non-compliance of its possibilities, abilities and ambitions imposed regulatory requirements of society.
  4. The subject has a positive life strategy, the desire to excel and to meet the needs of self-realization and self-actualization.
  5. Subject characterizes the existence of a “self-concept”, which manifests itself in the self-identification of himself with the subject of activity and source oflife changes, as well as the ability to take responsibility for decisions and implementation of their own lives.

At the bottom of the scale will be the same properties as those presented to the minimum extent undeveloped, unrealizable, and so on. D. Between these poles will accommodate transient variations presented properties.

Essentially the allocation of spheres of manifestation of social subjectivity of young people. Primarily is the sphere of family relations. In the family of the person in most cases it is formed from birth, and with the coming of age (and in some cases in the past, up to the age limit of 14 years in some Russian regions) shall have the right to marry and start a family of his own? Within the sphere of family relations can be regarded as a civil marriage, which is today among the youth is quite common (Lukow, Tikhomirov, 2012).

One of the dominant values among the youth material well-being. In this regard, an important area of social manifestations of subjectivity are the labor and professional spheres.
Specifically for the study of social subjectivity value youth leisure sphere. Leisure is one of the main areas of implementation of the social subjectivity of youth (Shugalsky 2012; 2013). Leisure activities a key indicator of the youth environment, a reflection of its social, cultural and other features. You can also talk about the manifestation of the social subjectivity of young people in sport, active lifestyle, work, education, culture and art. Often these areas are the basis for young people, an opportunity for self-realization.

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To a lesser extent in modern Russian conditions subjectivity of young people, it manifests itself in social and political activities. Firstly, this is due to a number of specially established rights and obligations for persons age youth and young adults. Secondly, there is the problem of political nihilism of youth, alienation as a whole by the government and its institutions, ignoring the youth movements and associations, as well as all forms of participation in public and political life.

Social subjectivity can manifest itself not only in action. The action itself is not a reflection of the subject position. Action young other people can trigger man (parents, teachers, peers, and so on. D.), The action can be a conventional, traditional character (going to church or going to university). Similarly, the lack of action does not mean the absence of a subject position. For example, ignoring the political elections a common practice among young people. In addition, if for some it is just an excuse to stay at home, the other non-participation in the elections this is a real manifestation of our position.

Thus, subjectivity may appear in action, and in its absence.
In a study of the social subjectivity of young people in such a case, there is a problem to separate the active subject of activity from the usual “artist”, existing only by tradition or under the influence of any other circumstances. The solution to this problem (including the organization of empirical research) should be associated with the properties of social subjectivity, which should include its focus, motivation, initiative (Aliev, 2015). The most important aspect here is that the decision on the implementation or non-implementation of an action taken by the particular subject. That is the subject himself takes the initiative and is the initiator of anything.

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