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June 9, 2017

Social youth subjectivity (Part 2)

A significant for understanding the social subjectivity of youth parameter is the social norm. In society, there are certain rules and principles, the observance of which is guaranteed by social control. Violation of these rules will result in a certain social sanction. Thus, public social norms, social status and social role of young people create barriers in the manifestation of the social subjectivity of the young people. Nevertheless, social and historical role of the young people cannot lose their relevance. Especially consistently, this position was developed Karl Mannheim, who said: “The younger generation has a special subjectivity, the universal spirit of adventure, because of a conflict between the public order, and the consciousness of young people coming into this society in a certain sense from the outside. It is this fact causes that the youth is the initiator of any change in the society. Youth neither progressive nor conservative in nature, it is the potency, are ready for any undertaking “(Mannheim 1994: 445).

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The other side of manifestations of social subjectivity of youth, namely the ability to self-implementation of its young people, as disclosed in the original work of psychologist’s followers ideas Rubinstein. KA Abulkhanova highlight important qualities of the person as the subject and summarized them in five criteria: 1. Personality acts as the subject as an organizer, coordinator, regulator of the objective of life-forms and relationships, their ability to build and change; 2. Personality as a subject has the ability to generate their own solutions to constantly recurring conflicts arising from the mismatch between the capabilities, skills, individual characteristics and aspirations of the individual, on the one hand, and regulatory requirements facing her on the other; 3.Personality as a subject capable of minimizing internal contradictions, to use its targeted and optimal mental, personal, professional and other opportunities and experiences as a way to solve their life problems and issues; 4. The subject a person focus on self-improvement: in the highest sense to achieve the ideal, in the sense of life the pursuit of the best; 5. Subjectivity personality manifests itself in the ability to realize the authenticity of their own lives or in the implementation of vital strategy that meets the meaning of the life of this man. At the level of consciousness of the subject, life strategy is embodied in the “self-concept.” The presence of “self-concept” allows the individual to realize himself as a subject, to treat yourself as the source of life changes, because of the events and actions reveal a new desire and strength to take responsibility for implementing the aspirations for living their life with dignity (Abulkhanova 2005: 14-15).

Follower Rubinstein A. Brushlinskii highlighted features of the individual as the subject: 1. The perception of the surrounding reality, the solution of certain problems in the process of life, as well as the choice of suitable tools for this depend on the degree of development of the person as a subject. How much more intellectually and morally equipped with the subject, so he perceives differently, formulates and solves the problem; 2. A high level of subjectivity of the individual due to the development of mechanisms of self-control, the ability to self-organization of human mental activity in a particular field of activity,in a particular situation. Successful self-regulation depends on the individual configuration information, which provides human orientation in society, ie, from the construction of an individual thesaurus..; 3. An important aspect of the ability manifestation of subjectivity is vital identity strategy, attitude to life, to work, to the point, and so on. D. If a person believes that his efforts and aspirations are meaningless and useless, if his attitude towards life is very pessimistic, it ability, capability, and need different resources themselves are not able to induce action.

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A characteristic feature of many young people today are passive and negative opinions of reality, which leads to a lack of an active life position, reluctance to initiate his life; 4. One of the most important qualities of the subject is the ability to resolve contradictions in the process of realization of the goals between the capabilities of the individual claims and the objective conditions of activity. Personality, by leaving such decisions, degraded, frustration and strain; 5. The maximum expression of a subject position in the activity responsibility: voluntary commitment by guarantees to ensure the conditions for its implementation, guarantees the quality level of activity, it guarantees a result, the willingness to be responsible for any consequences; 6. The most important property of the person as a subject is the self-identification. The main aspect here is the extent of identifying himself with the subject of activity (Psychology of individual 2002: 49-50).

Although these features are subject are defined in relation to a person, they are to a certain extent be applied to the subject characteristics of social groups. It is important, in particular, that the identity of the psychological mechanisms associated with the identity of a group and to a large extent form the resistance groups. In this relationship of personal identification with a group indicates AI Kovaleva (Kovalev, Lukow, 1999: 279).

In the process of socialization of young people, identify themselves with one or other social agents, absorbing different values. Depending on which views the young man about himself as an object or as the subject of his life will be significantly different, “Self-identification should be supported by concrete actions, the acquisition of social features, confirming the subjectivity of the individual in specific actions, deeds” (ibid 284). These concrete actions and deeds sociologists can fix for measuring subjectivity of the individual young person.

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