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Plastic surgery is becoming more common, and procedures that are designed to restore the normal appearance of a man who suffered from injuries, have been used for other purposes. Although technically plastic surgery refers to any surgery, dealing with natural problems or injuries in the past, the term has become almost synonymous with aesthetic surgery operations such as nose reshaping, facelift, changing the shape of the lips and chest. In any form, plastic surgery has serious risks of side effects.

What is plastic surgery

Plastic surgery – a surgical way to correct or restore the body parts and their functioning. The word “plastic” derives from the Greek plastikos, which means “to shape, sculpt.” Plastic surgery does include shaping the body and its parts, in order to improve a person’s appearance or restore it. Accordingly, the plastic surgery is divided into two main parts: aesthetic surgery, designed to improve the appearance and reconstructive surgery, which is engaged in restoration of damaged body parts.

Reconstructive plastic surgery is generally required in cases of severe burns, trauma, or congenital abnormalities evolved, disease or tumor removal.

The first evidence of plastic surgery, especially for reconstructive purposes, known since 2000 BC in India. In our time, we are seeing increased popularity of plastic surgery, especially for aesthetic purposes. Without a doubt, plastic surgery can effectively change the shape of the body, to give you a more youthful and beautiful view, get rid of wrinkles and scars, and thus boost your morale. Nevertheless, there are certain negative effects associated with the process – from financial to physical and psychological.


Whenever the integrity of the skin is broken and the internal organs are exposed to external factors, there is a chance that the body will get bacteria. Doctors use sterile instruments and conduct operations in a clean room, but even the best preparation can not completely eliminate the risk of infection. Furthermore, the incisions and stitching staples remaining after angioplasty, may be a gateway infection. Usually, the infection can be cured with antibiotics.


The inevitable consequence of punctures and skin incisions are remaining in their place the scars that quite ironic for surgery, designed to improve the patient’s appearance. Surgeons try to minimize cuts, spending the operation laparoscopically (through a small incision in the skin), to reduce the size of the scar. Some treatments, such as surgery of the nose or the oral cavity, it is possible to make all the cuts were inside. Yet many of the procedures, for example, a change in breast size, leave visible scars.

Nerve damage

Another risk of surgery – the possibility of nerve damage. If the surgeon during the operation touches or cuts the nerves of patient, it can cause partial or complete loss of sensation in certain parts of the body. For example, when you install a breast implant, it may damage the nerves going to the nipple and areola, which can cause a loss of sensitivity. Although nerve damage – a rare complication, it is usually irreversible.

Allergic reactions and more serious side effects

During the operation, the patient is given medication for pain and swelling. They can cause allergic reactions in a patient. Serious allergic reactions can be different – from cough and temperature to death. Plastic surgery is performed under general anesthesia, which has its own serious risks, up to lethal. Therefore, the fewer times over the life of the person receiving general anesthesia, the better. Sometimes surgery may cause the rare infections known as toxic shock syndrome, mortality is high enough.

Operations often lead to unintended results

One of the major risks of plastic surgery is that the result can not be guaranteed. The doctor can tell you how, in his view, the patient will look like after the swelling and bruising will go, but the results can be quite different. For example, a face lift can lead to a completely unnatural sight of the skin, and the correction of the nose can lead to warping, implants in the breasts may look bigger or smaller than expected. Frequently this leads to further operations in order to eliminate problems caused by the previous one. And this leads to loss of money and again exposes the patient to the risks of surgery.

But sometimes plastic surgery is needed, especially for the recovery of body parts damaged by burns, accidents or congenital anomalies. Before turning to plastic surgery, it is necessary to discuss all aspects of the method and all necessary expenses to a plastic surgeon. It is also recommended to conduct a thorough research to choose a qualified and certified surgeon and follow his instructions to avoid complications during surgery or after.