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Does rhyolite show that there was an explosive eruption?

Magma with the composition of rhyolite is extremely viscous, due to its high silica content. This favors explosive eruptions over effusive eruptions, so rhyolitic magma is more often erupted as pyroclastic rock than as lava flows.

What is a rhyolite explosion?

Rhyolite caldera complexes are the most explosive of Earth’s volcanoes but often don’t even look like volcanoes. They are usually so explosive when they erupt that they end up collapsing in on themselves rather than building any tall structure (George Walker has termed such structures “inverse volcanoes”).

Why is rhyolite lava so explosive?

Non explosive eruptions are favored by low gas content and low viscosity magmas (basaltic to andesitic magmas). If the viscosity is low, non-explosive eruptions usually begin with fire fountains due to release of dissolved gases. When magma reaches the surface of the earth, it is called lava.

What type of eruption is rhyolite?

Effusive eruptions produce rhyolite or obsidian if the lava cools rapidly. These different rock types can all be found in the products of a single eruption. Eruptions of granitic magma are rare.

Where can I find rhyolite?

The silica content of rhyolite is usually between 60% to 77%. Rhyolite has the mineralogical composition of granite. Rhyolite rocks can be found in many countries including New Zealand, Germany, Iceland, India, and China, and the deposits can be found near active or extinct volcanoes.

What is rhyolite used for today?

Rhyolite is suitable as aggregate, fill-in construction, building material and road industries, decorative rock in landscaping, cutting tool, abrasive and jewelry.

Which magma is most explosive?

Explosive eruptions are favored by high gas content & high viscosity magmas (andesitic to rhyolitic magmas). The explosive bursting of bubbles fragments the magma into clots of liquid that cool as they fall through the air.

How does rhyolite erupt?

It flows slowly, like tooth paste squeezed out of a tube, and tends to pile up and form lava domes. If rhyolite magma is gas rich it can erupt explosively, forming a frothy solidified magma called pumice (a very lightweight, light-coloured, vesicular form of rhyolite) along with ash deposits, and / or ignimbrite.

Where do you find rhyolite?

What can you do with rhyolite?

What does rhyolite look like?

Rhyolite is a fine-grained extrusive igneous rock or volcanic rock. It is pale coloured, often light grey, tan or pinkish. Rhyolite is made up of quartz and feldspar crystals, and occasionally contains some mafic (dark coloured) minerals.

What kind of rock is the rhyolite made of?

Rhyolite is made up of quartz, plagioclase, and sanidine, with minor amounts of hornblende and biotite. Trapped gases often produce vugs in the rock. These often contain crystals, opal, or glassy material.

Where does rhyolite form in a volcanic eruption?

Rhyolite usually forms in continental or continent-margin volcanic eruptions where granitic magma reaches the surface. Rhyolite is rarely produced at oceanic eruptions. Rhyolite Porphyry: Several specimens of rhyolite porphyry, each about three inches across.

What kind of tools are made out of rhyolite?

Rhyolite Arrowheads: Rhyolite was often used to make stone tools and weapons when more suitable materials were not available. It has been fashioned into scrapers, hoes, axe heads, spear points, and arrowheads.

Why are many gem deposits found in rhyolite?

Many gem deposits are hosted in rhyolite. These occur for a logical reason. The thick granitic lava that forms rhyolite often cools quickly while pockets of gas are still trapped inside of the lava. As the lava quickly cools, the trapped gas is unable to escape and forms cavities known as “vugs.”