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Why did the Indonesian government impose the transmigration policy?

The stated purpose of the program, according to proponents in the Indonesian government and the development community, was to move millions of Indonesians from the densely populated inner islands of Java, Bali and Madura to the outer, less densely populated islands to achieve a more balanced population density.

When did transmigration in Indonesia start?

Transmigration was born in 1905 in Lampung, with the arrivai of the first settlers in the vicinity of Gedong Tataan, in Bagelen, as part of the Kolonisatie Programme launched by the colonial government.

What is the cycle of transmigration?

reincarnation, also called transmigration or metempsychosis, in religion and philosophy, rebirth of the aspect of an individual that persists after bodily death—whether it be consciousness, mind, the soul, or some other entity—in one or more successive existences.

What happens transmigration?

TRANSMIGRATION denotes the process by which, after death, either a spiritual or an ethereal, subtle, and thinly material part of the personality, leaves the body that it previously inhabited; it then “migrates” to enter (i.e., is reborn in) another body, either human or animal, or another form of being, such as a plant …

What are the economic benefits of transmigration in Indonesia?

Transmigration is one of the government’s efforts to achieve a balance of population spread, expand employment opportunities, increase production, and increase revenue. In addition, transmigration also provides some positive energy for the economy in Indonesia. Here are the economic benefits of transmigration in Indonesia.

Why was the transmigration project a disaster for Indonesia?

The project costed the Indonesian government $7,000 per family and was an economic disaster, worsening Indonesia’s national debt. It had little effect on reducing Java’s population. Poverty was worsened due to poor farming conditions (low quality soil), no access to markets and poor site preparation.

How does transmigration affect the population in Java?

Transmigration virtually makes no dent in the population pressure in Java; The transmigration programme has created environmental havoc on the outer islands. The course of transmigration policies has changed dramatically over recent years, influenced by external and internal factors.

Why was the resettlement of indigenous people in Indonesia a disaster?

Resettlement was political, to remove the indigenous population from the outer islands. It was aimed at the forced assimilation of indigenous people such as forest dwellers. The project costed the Indonesian government $7,000 per family and was an economic disaster, worsening Indonesia’s national debt.