Who was more significant Hippocrates or Galen?
Hippocrates’s most important contributions were in the development of the medical profession and in a code of conduct for doctors. Galen – anatomy and physiology of the human body. This was something which Hippocrates did not do!!!!! HE gave the first anatomical and physiological understanding of the human body.
What is the significance of Hippocrates and Galen?
Offering essential insight to generations of doctors, Hippocrates and Galen were respected bearers of ancient medical wisdom, whose philosophical and practical impact can be traced from Rome to the Middle East. Long ago, many people believed that human health was governed by the divine will of the gods.
What did Galen add to Hippocrates theory?
Hippocrates did not use them to infer things about a person’s personality, but he identified the four fluids that lie at the base of Galen’s theory: blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm. Galen expanded upon this idea.
How did Galen and Hippocrates influence medicine?
Hippocrates was significant in the development of medicine because he developed the Theory of the Four Humours which influenced ideas about the causes of disease for hundred of years after his death. Galen’s ideas hindered medical development, by reducing the ability of other doctors to come up with their own ideas.
Did Galen agree with Hippocrates?
According to Galen, Hippocrates was the first to have been both a physician and a philosopher, in that he was the first to recognize what nature does. With this, he accepted Hippocrates’ theory of the four humors and based much of his reasoning about pathology on it.
Is phlegmatic classified by Hippocrates?
Hippocrates theorized that personality traits and human behaviors are based on four separate temperaments associated with four fluids (“humors”) of the body: choleric temperament (yellow bile from the liver), melancholic temperament (black bile from the kidneys), sanguine temperament (red blood from the heart), and …
What are Galen’s four personality styles?
According to Galen, the imbalance of pairs resulted in one of the four temperament categories (or personality types): sanguine (being optimistic and social), choleric (being short-tempered and irritable), melancholic (being analytical and quiet), and phlegmatic (being relaxed and peaceful).
What is Galen’s theory of opposites?
Galen believed in the use of opposites – if a man appeared to have a fever, he treated it with something cold; if a man appeared to have a cold, he would be treated with heat. People who were weak were given hard physical exercises to do to build up their muscles.
Who came first Hippocrates or Galen?
According to Galen, Hippocrates was the first to have been both a physician and a philosopher, in that he was the first to recognize what nature does.
What did Galen do with the teachings of Hippocrates?
Galen (Greek physician, AD 129 – 216, pictured right) revered Hippocrates and developed many of his teachings, ultimately attempting to devise a comprehensive typology of temperament in his dissertation Die Temperamentis in which he speculated on physiological reasons for different behaviours in humans.
Why did Hippocrates believe a person becomes ill?
Both healers believed a person becomes ill when there is an imbalance in the body. Hippocrates explained this as a deficiency or excess of a humor off-setting their balance (Lecture, 9/18/17). Galen believed a person becomes ill because a part of the body was
What did Galen believe about the unity of the organism?
Galen argued that the unity of the organism was governed by a physis or nature whose faculties were the responsibility of medicine to maintain. With this, he accepted Hippocrates’ theory of the four humors and based much of his reasoning about pathology on it.
What did Galen think about science and medicine?
Galen, on the other hand, believed that the best physician was a philosopher. He should be versed in logic, or the science of how to think, physis, the science of nature in its widest sense, and ethics, or the science of what to do.