Who is Amir Muawiya?
Muawiyah I (Arabic: معاوية ابن أبي سفيان Muʿāwiyah ibn ʾAbī Sufyān; 602–680) was the first Caliph of the Umayyad Dynasty. Muawiyah became a scribe for Muhammad, and during the first and second caliphates of Abu Bakr and Umar, fought with the Muslims against the Byzantines in Syria.
When was Muawiya born?
Muawiyah I/Date of birth
Who was Muawiya in Islam?
Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan (died 680) was the founder of the Umayyad dynasty of caliphs. His clan, which had resisted Mohammed and his message longest and most vehemently, eventually won political control over the Islamic community.
Why did Muawiya fight Ali?
Muawiyah did not call himself to be a caliph and was not given the oath of allegiance to it when he fought Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). He fought not because he considered himself to be the caliph or deserving of the khilafah. This they all agreed upon and he himself would affirm this to whoever asked him.
How old was Muawiyah when he was born?
He was considered to be a balanced and just ruler. According to Abdullah ibn Abbas, there was no man better suited to rule than Muawiyah. It is believed that Muawiyah was born in 602 AD, though many Muslim traditional sources cite his birth year as 597, 603 or 605 AD.
Who was the strongest member of the Muawiya clan?
When Othman was assassinated, the duty of avenging his death devolved upon Muawiya as the strongest member of the clan. The issue which pitted Muawiya against Ali ibn Abu Talib, the new caliph, was the punishment of the regicides.
When did Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan become a Muslim?
As son of Abu Sufyan, one of the leaders of the Meccan opposition to Mohammed, Muawiya did not adopt Islam until the conquest of Mecca in 630. Muawiya at this time was made secretary to the Prophet, but it was as a warrior in the army sent by the caliph Abu Bakr to conquer Syria that Muawiya first distinguished himself in the Moslem community.
What was the second phase of Muawiya’s career?
The second significant phase of Muawiya’s career began in 655 with the murder of the caliph Othman by rebels from Egypt and Iraq who resented the favoritism shown by Othman toward his Umayyad kinsmen. When Othman was assassinated, the duty of avenging his death devolved upon Muawiya as the strongest member of the clan.