Which is the best definition of the word irony?
Irony is a literary device or event in which how things seem to be is in fact very different from how they actually are. If this seems like a loose definition, don’t worry—it is. Irony is a broad term that encompasses three different types of irony, each with their own specific definition: verbal irony , dramatic irony, and situational irony.
Is the word irony synonymous with the word incongruous?
This sense, however, is not synonymous with “incongruous” but merely a definition of dramatic or situational irony. It is often included in definitions of irony not only that incongruity is present but also that the incongruity must reveal some aspect of human vanity or folly.
Which is an example of a situational irony?
When the truth contradicts an expected outcome, it’s situational irony — also known as “the irony of events.” Situational irony is closely related to the idea of cosmic irony, where the universe seemingly contrives an event for its own amusement. For example, when the “unsinkable” HMS Titanic met an untimely end on its maiden voyage.
How does irony depend on two story phenomenon?
First, irony depends on a double-layered or two-story phenomenon for success. “At the lower level is the situation either as it appears to the victim of irony (where there is a victim) or as it is deceptively presented by the ironist.” The upper level is the situation as it appears to the reader or the ironist.
When does Jonathan Swift use the word irony?
The use of words to mean something very different from what they appear on the surface to mean. Jonathan Swift uses irony in “ A Modest Proposal ” when he suggests the eating of babies as a solution to overpopulation and starvation in Ireland.
How is irony used in Socratic and dramatic irony?
Socratic irony is a tool used in debating; dramatic irony is what happens when the audience realizes that Romeo and Juliet’s plans will go awry. The third, and debated, use of irony regards what’s called situational irony.
What is the irony of the new tax system?
The irony ( of it) is that the new tax system will burden those it was intended to help. With inevitable irony, it was Smith who scored the winning goal against his former team. The final irony of the situation was that Collins himself ordered the assassination.
Irony (from Ancient Greek εἰρωνεία eirōneía ‘dissimulation, feigned ignorance’), in its broadest sense, is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or event in which what on the surface appears to be the case or to be expected differs radically from what is actually the case.
Is the word irony synonymous with bad luck?
Irony is not synonymous with sarcasm, coincidence, or bad luck. While these concepts can have ironic characteristics, they’re not interchangeable. More on that later. Irony creates contrast between how things seem and how they really are beneath the surface.
How does irony relate to culture and religion?
I would like to suggest that, in these struggles of meaning and culture, irony can be a resource–and aprofoundly religious one, at that. The religious resourcefulness of irony hinges on three primary connections in which irony deals — the connections between reference and normativity, detachment and engagement, and reality and aspiration.
How is irony used in situational and dramatic irony?
In situational irony, both the characters and the audience are fully unaware of the implications of the real situation. In dramatic irony, the characters are oblivious of the situation, but the audience is not.
How does irony make a work of literature more intriguing?
It makes a work of literature more intriguing, and forces the readers to use their imaginations to comprehend the underlying meanings of the texts. Moreover, real life is full of ironical expressions and situations. Therefore, the use of irony brings a work of literature to the life.
How is irony related to the idea of cosmic irony?
Situational irony is closely related to the idea of cosmic irony, where the universe seemingly contrives an event for its own amusement. For example, when the “unsinkable” HMS Titanic met an untimely end on its maiden voyage. To clarify: “the irony of events” is not the same as “coincidence” and “bad luck” (apologies to Alanis Morrisette).
Which is an example of irony in The Hobbit?
Dramatic Irony Example: The Hobbit. The Hobbit contains a perfect example of this when Bilbo happens upon the ring while lost in a mountain. He puts it in his pocket and soon after encounters Gollum. At this point, readers are aware of the significance of the ring and of its importance to Gollum.
How is the gift of the Magi an example of irony?
It is an example of situational irony when, in the O. Henry story ” The Gift of the Magi ,” a young wife cuts off her hair in order to buy her husband a chain for his prized watch, but the husband sells his watch to buy his wife a comb for her beautiful hair.
How does irony work as a literary device?
As a plot device, irony allows readers to re-evaluate their knowledge, expectations, and understanding. Therefore, writers can call attention to themes in their work while simultaneously catching their readers off-guard. As a literary device, irony does not only reveals unexpected events or plot twists.
What is the dark irony of the police?
The dark irony is that, when people take to the streets to protest racism in policing, some police have used cutting-edge tools with a known racial bias against those assembled. It may be fun and it may get them paid, until oversaturation ruins our sense for irony and destroys the market for it.
What is the difference between irony and satire?
Besides the three main types of irony described above, two other literary devices—sarcasm and satire—share a lot in common with irony: is a bitter, cutting, or mocking taunt used to denigrate a particular person, place, or thing. Satire is a form of social or political critique.
How is verbal irony different from dramatic irony?
Verbal irony is distinguished from situational irony and dramatic irony in that it is produced intentionally by speakers.
Why does a naabsa have to be always afloat?
NAABSA clauses are usually incorporated to avoid charterers finding themselves in breach of the “always afloat” requirement in most charterparties where it is intended for the vessel to call at ports or places where, due to tidal conditions, she may touch bottom.
What does naabsa stand for in nautical terms?
References in periodicals archive? Clause 1 also now contains a NAABSAprovision (Not-Always-Afloat-But-Safely-Aground) which permits the charterer to order the vessel to lie safely aground during loading and discharging. Anchors Aweigh?
Is there such a thing as sciolism in literature?
This is scholarship; the secondary information that has been popular is sciolism. Such an age of sciolism and scholasticism may possibly once more get the better of the literary world. Few things are as distressing as the sciolism of a second-rate English editor of a classic.
Which is an example of irony in Harry Potter?
This unexpected twist also comes with the ironic realization that Harry must sacrifice himself for Voldemort to die. So he willingly goes to meet Voldemort — and his own death. But when Voldemort uses the killing curse on Harry, it has the opposite of his desired effect.
What is the dictionary definition of a hunchback?
English Language Learners Definition of hunchback : a back in which the spine is curved in an abnormal way offensive : a person with a hunchback
Which is an example of irony in Greek tragedy?
You can also see this type of irony at play in Greek tragedies where the tragic hero is punished for their acts of hubris (excessive pride) — which was apparently the gravest sin in ancient Greece. Example: In Oedipus Rex, the title character is, unbeknownst to him, a foundling adopted by King Polybus.
Which is the best example of irony in Shakespeare?
One excellent example of dramatic irony can be found in Shakespeare’s Othello . Through the play, the audience watches as Iago plots against his commander Othello, and seeks to make Othello believe that his wife Desdemona has been unfaithful to him. The audience watches as Iago plots to himself and with others.
When is irony the same as coincidence and bad luck?
Situational irony. When the truth contradicts an expected outcome, it’s situational irony — also known as “the irony of events.” Again, just to clarify, irony is not the same as “coincidence” and “bad luck.”. If you buy a new car and then accidentally drive it into a tree, that is both coincidence and bad luck.
Which is the best definition of the word bounteous?
Definition of bounteous 1 : giving or disposed to give freely 2 : liberally bestowed
Which is the best definition of cosmic irony?
Cosmic irony: A contrast between the absolute and the relative, the general and the individual, which Hegel expressed by the phrase, “general [irony] of the world.” Situational irony: The disparity of intention and result; when the result of an action is contrary to the desired or expected effect.
What is the role of a Faithkeeper in a tribe?
The role of the Faithkeeper is to remain peaceful and calm, while maintaining spiritual enlightenment and understanding, no matter what the tribe may endure. Under extreme conditions, if every single tribe member stumbles into fear, doubt, anxiety, worry and pain – the Faithkeeper maintains peace, spirituality and understanding.
How does irony play on the innocence of the victim?
Third, irony plays upon the innocence of a character or victim. “Either a victim is confidently unaware of the very possibility of there being an upper level or point of view that invalidates his own, or an ironist pretends not to be aware of it.”
How is irony used as a rhetorical device?
“Irony may be used as a rhetorical device to enforce one’s meaning. It may be used . . . as a satiric device to attack a point of view or to expose folly, hypocrisy, or vanity. It may be used as a heuristic device to lead one’s readers to see that things are not so simple or certain as they seem, or perhaps not so complex or doubtful as they seem.
Who is the author of the book Irony?
Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Irony is the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning.
Which is the best definition of a metanotum?
Definition of metanotum. : the dorsal portion of the metathoracic integument of an insect.
What is the difference between verbal irony and situational irony?
Essentially, verbal and situational irony are each a violation of a reader’s expectations and conventional knowledge. When it comes to verbal irony, the reader may be expecting a character’s statement or response to be one thing though it turns out to be the opposite.
Which is the best description of parallelism in writing?
Definition of Parallelism Parallelism is the repetition of grammatical elements in writing and speaking. Parallelism influences the grammatical structure of sentences but can also impact the meaning of thoughts and ideas being presented.
When to use faulty parallelism in a sentence?
Lesson Summary. Parallelism in literature is the repetition of a word or phrase within a sentence or group of sentences. It is used to help organize ideas, but also to make the ideas memorable. When a sentence is unintentionally cluttered, unbalanced, or lengthy, this is called faulty parallelism and should be avoided.
What is the irony of campaign finance reform?
Lacking any sense of irony, Eldridge made campaign-finance reform a signature plank. The irony is that communities are protesting stereotyping—as cops respond in stereotypical ways. The eyes were large and gray, the expression that of a contemplative savant, with a faint dash of irony in their glance.
How is irony different from satire and sarcasm?
The distinctive quality of sarcasm is present in the spoken word and manifested chiefly by vocal inflection, whereas satire and irony, arising originally as literary and rhetorical forms, are exhibited in the organization or structuring of either language or literary material.
What’s the difference between irony, sarcasm and ridicule?
Irony differs from sarcasm in greater subtlety and wit. In sarcasm ridicule or mockery is used harshly, often crudely and contemptuously, for destructive purposes.
What is the difference between irony and humour?
It refers to ‘an ability to perceive and express a sense of the clever or amusing’ thing. Humour consists principally in the recognition and expression of incongruities or peculiarities present in a situation or character. Irony is the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning.
What is the kids dictionary definition of Ravage?
Kids Definition of ravage. (Entry 1 of 2) : destructive action or effect the ravages of disease.
[T]echnically, irony is a rhetorical device used to convey a meaning sharply different from or even opposite of the literal text. It’s not just saying one thing while meaning another–that’s what Bill Clinton does. No, it’s more like a wink or running joke among people in the know.
Which is an example of irony in Shakespeare?
In dramatic irony, the characters are oblivious of the situation, but the audience is not. For example, in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, we know well before the characters that they are going to die. In real life circumstances, irony may be comical, bitter, or sometimes unbearably offensive.
What are the different types of irony in storytelling?
Irony can be sad and tragic, or it can funny and satirical. In other words, there are limitless ways you can wield irony in your stories. There are 3 different types of irony: dramatic, verbal, and situational. Each has a different definition and function in storytelling.
What’s the difference between dramatic irony and tragic irony?
Within dramatic irony, there is only one subtype: tragic irony. The difference between these two types of irony is slight but it’s an important distinction to make. Basically, tragic irony is dramatic irony with tragic consequences — it’s as easy as that.
When is irony is the opposite of expectation?
Irony is the opposite of expectation. When what we expect to happen doesn’t happen, it creates conflict . When we know the truth about a dangerous situation and we watch someone else get close to that danger, it creates suspense. When someone says one thing but means another, it creates complexity.
What is the meaning of the word Shim?
A thin, often tapered piece of material, such as wood, stone, or metal, used to fill gaps, make something level, or adjust something to fit properly. tr.v. shimmed, shim·ming, shims. To fill in, level, or adjust by using shims or a shim. [Origin unknown.]
Which is the best definition of a shimming strip?
1. (Mechanical Engineering) a thin packing strip or washer often used with a number of similar washers or strips to adjust a clearance for gears, etc. 2. (General Physics) physics a thin strip of magnetic material, such as soft iron, used to adjust a magnetic field. vb, shims, shimming or shimmed.
What does shimming mean in the field of NMR?
A magnet producing the main field used in NMR might only be homogeneous to 1 part in 10 6. Shimming increases the uniformity of the magnetic field. In the mid nineteenth century, the word shim was used to mean a thin wedge, inserted to make parts fit together or align.
Who is Morholt in the Harry Potter books?
Morholt was a Giant from Ireland. He was the brother of the King of Ireland. He wounded the Celtic hero, Tristan with a poisoned sword after Tristan tried to kill him. Morholt was based on the figure in Celtic legend of the same name.
Who was without a sense of irony and banter?
Lacking any sense of irony, Eldridge made campaign-finance reform a signature plank. This unreasoning, feminine obstinacy so wrought upon him that he permitted himself a smile and a lapse into irony and banter. Today her irony was concealed, but, like a carefully-covered fire, he knew it was burning still.
What is the meaning of Anarchy in politics?
Anarchy, in political science and the study of international relations, the absence of any authority superior to nation-states and capable of arbitrating their disputes and enforcing international law.
Which is an example of an ironic understatement?
As you might expect, an ironic understatement creates contrast by undermining the impact of something, though the thing itself will be rather substantial or severe. Example: In The Catcher in the Rye, Holden Caulfield casually says, “I have to have this operation.