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What were the events that led to Federation?

Key Events leading up to Federation

  • First Federal Council meeting. 1886.
  • Henry Parkes makes speech in Tenterfield. 24 October 1889.
  • Corowa Convention. 1893.
  • 5 out of 6 colonies vote yes to federation. April 1899 – September 1899.
  • Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act is passed by British Government. July 1900.
  • Federation.

What did Federation change about Australia?

Federal system The federal government was also given the power to make laws for Australia’s territories. It did not have powers to make special laws for Indigenous people, a situation not rectified until a referendum in 1967.

What events led to Federation in Australia?

Reasons for Federation

  • Free trade. While tariffs provided the colonial governments with much revenue , they restricted trade and movement between the colonies.
  • Defence.
  • Immigration.
  • National pride.
  • 1891 Federation convention.
  • The people’s conventions.
  • 1897–98 Federation convention.
  • First referendum: 1898.

What are some reasons against Federation?

Arguments against Federation Federation would be expensive to achieve and a federated country would be expensive to run. The colonies had different policies about immigration, trade and other matters. Customs duties protected factories in the smaller colonies from goods made in factories in the larger colonies.

What is the timeline for federation?


Year Event
1891 The First National Australasian Convention held in Sydney
1893 Corowa Convention
1895 Premiers Conference in Hobart agreed to a second Constitutional Convention with elected delegates from each colony
1896 27 April Death of Sir Henry Parkes November People’s Federal Convention held in Bathurst

How did Federation impact on indigenous?

Aboriginal people lost power over their own lives. Their personal and working lives were tightly controlled. They could not vote for the federal government and, even if they could have done so, the federal government would not have changed the laws for the better anyway.

What did John Quick do for Australia?

Sir John Quick LL. (14 April 1852 – 17 June 1932) was an Australian lawyer, politician and judge. He played a prominent role in the movement for Federation and the drafting of the Australian constitution, later writing several works on Australian constitutional law.

Why was Victoria against Federation?

They encountered stiff opposition from the labour movement and others who thought the Australian Constitution being proposed for the new Commonwealth would not be democratic. The concern was that it would give too much power to States with smaller populations.

Who was the father of Federation?

Henry Parkes
Henry Parkes, known today as the “Father of Federation”, set in motion the process that led to the joining of Australia’s six colonies in 1901 – a significant moment that heralded the birth of a new nation.

Who really discovered Australia first?

explorer Willem Janszoon
While Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.

Where can I find the timeline of Federation?

Check out the order of some key events during the time of Federation. Visit a slightly different timeline of events at the Parliamentary Education Office or this version at the National Library of Australia. Visit the National Library of Australia to read about some of the leading people involved in Federation.

When did the Federation of Australia take place?

A federation (say: fed-er-ray-shn) is the joining of states to become one nation. Australia became a nation when a number of British colonies joined together. This happened in 1901. kidcyber acknowledge and pay respect to the Traditional Custodians of this continent.

Where can I find the reasons for Federation?

Read about the reasons for Federation at the Parliamentary Education Office and at the National Archives. This website has lists of arguments for and against Federation. Check out the order of some key events during the time of Federation.