What neuropathy means?
A nerve problem that causes pain, numbness, tingling, swelling, or muscle weakness in different parts of the body. It usually begins in the hands or feet and gets worse over time. Neuropathy may be caused by cancer or cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy.
What is neuropathy human?
Overview. Peripheral neuropathy, a result of damage to the nerves located outside of the brain and spinal cord (peripheral nerves), often causes weakness, numbness and pain, usually in the hands and feet. It can also affect other areas and body functions including digestion, urination and circulation.
What are examples of neuropathy?
Examples of peripheral neuropathy include:
- postherpetic neuralgia, which can follow shingles and last for many months after the rash disappears.
- ulnar nerve palsy, such as after an injury to the elbow.
- carpal tunnel syndrome, which is a compression of the nerves in the wrist.
What is neuropathy classified?
Neuropathy is a term that refers to general diseases or malfunctions of the nerves. Nerves at any location in the body can be damaged from injury or disease. Neuropathy is often classified according to the types or locations of nerves that are affected.
When was the term neuropathy first used?
Although it is often believed that John Fothergill (1712-1780) provided the first description of this condition in 1773, a review of the medieval Persian medical writings will show the fact that neuropathic pain was a medieval-originated concept.
What are the stages of neuropathy?
Stages of Neuropathy
- Stage One: Numbness & Pain. In this beginning stage, patients become aware that something feels “off” with the nerves in their hands and/or feet.
- Stage Two: Constant Pain.
- Stage Three: Intense Pain.
- Stage Four: Complete Numbness/ Loss of Sensation.
What are the two types of neuropathy?
Peripheral Neuropathy Types
- Motor neuropathy. This is damage to the nerves that control muscles and movement in the body, such as moving your hands and arms or talking.
- Sensory neuropathy.
- Autonomic nerve neuropathy.
- Combination neuropathies.
What is the suffix of neuropathy?
pathy: A suffix derived from the Greek “pathos” meaning “suffering or disease” that serves as a suffix in many terms including myopathy (muscle disease), neuropathy (nerve disease), retinopathopathy (disease of the retina), sympathy (literally, suffering together), etc.
What toxins cause neuropathy?
Common toxins that cause neuropathy include: exposure to lead, mercury, arsenic and thalium. Some organic insecticides and solvents can result in neuropathies. Sniffing glue or other toxic compounds can also cause peripheral neuropathy.
Can neuropathy cause paralysis?
The symptoms of peripheral neuropathy vary based on the type that you have and what part of the body is affected. Symptoms can range from tingling or numbness in a certain body part to more serious effects such as burning pain or paralysis.
What are the three kinds of neuropathy?
Peripheral neuropathy (also called diabetic nerve pain and distal polyneuropathy) Proximal neuropathy (also called diabetic amyotrophy) Autonomic neuropathy. Focal neuropathy (also called mononeuropathy)
What is the medical definition of neuropathy?
Medical Definition of neuropathy. : an abnormal and usually degenerative state of the nervous system or nerves also : a systemic condition (as muscular atrophy) that stems from a neuropathy.
What are the causes of neuropathy in peripheral nervous system?
Neuropathy – also called peripheral neuropathy – refers to any condition that affects the normal activity of the nerves of the peripheral nervous system. Causes can be both inherited and acquired. Diabetes is often a factor.
What’s the difference between neuropathy and polyneuropathy?
When neuropathy involves damage to only one nerve, it is called mononeuropathy. But most often, multiple nerves are affected, and when this happens, doctors refer to the nerve damage as polyneuropathy. The symptoms of polyneuropathy depend on whether autonomic, sensory, or motor nerves — or a combination of them — are involved.
Which is the best definition of entrapment neuropathy?
entrapment neuropathy any of a group of neuropathies, such as carpal tunnel syndrome, caused by mechanical pressure on a peripheral nerve. hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN) any of a group of hereditary polyneuropathies involving muscle weakness, atrophy, sensory deficits, and vasomotor changes in the lower limbs.