What kind of disease does the Marburg virus cause?
Marburg virus disease. Marburg virus disease (MVD; formerly Marburg hemorrhagic fever) is a severe illness of humans and non-human primates caused by either of the two marburgviruses, Marburg virus (MARV) and Ravn virus (RAVV).
How long is the incubation period for the Marburg virus?
People remain infectious as long as their blood contains the virus. The incubation period (interval from infection to onset of symptoms) varies from 2 to 21 days. Illness caused by Marburg virus begins abruptly, with high fever, severe headache and severe malaise. Muscle aches and pains are a common feature.
When was the Marburg hemorrhagic fever first identified?
About Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever. The five species of Ebola virus are the only other known members of the filovirus family. Marburg virus was first recognized in 1967, when outbreaks of hemorrhagic fever occurred simultaneously in laboratories in Marburg and Frankfurt, Germany and in Belgrade, Yugoslavia (now Serbia).
What to do if you have Marburg virus?
Healthcare workers caring for patients with suspected or confirmed Marburg virus should apply extra infection control measures to prevent contact with the patient’s blood and body fluids and contaminated surfaces or materials such as clothing and bedding.
When to isolate someone from Marburg virus outbreak?
If there’s a reason to suspect Marburg virus disease (such as if the person has been around a known case or outbreak and is displaying symptoms consistent with the disease), doctors first isolate the person to minimize the risk someone else might be exposed to the virus.
Can a fruit bat be infected with Marburg virus?
Fruit bats infected with Marburg virus do not show obvious signs of illness. Primates (including people) can become infected with Marburg virus, and may develop serious disease with high mortality. Further study is needed to determine if other species may also host the virus.
How did Marburg hemorrhagic fever get its name?
Classification. In the scientific literature, Marburg hemorrhagic fever (MHF) is often used as an unofficial alternative name for the same disease. Both disease names are derived from the German city Marburg, where MARV was first discovered.