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What is the mode of transportation of typhoid?

Typhoid and paratyphoid are transmitted through contaminated water or food. They can also be transmitted by the faecal–oral route. Water, ice (if unboiled water is used), raw vegetables, salads and shellfish are important sources for travellers.

What is the best treatment for typhoid?

Antibiotic therapy is the only effective treatment for typhoid fever….Commonly prescribed antibiotics

  • Ciprofloxacin (Cipro). In the United States, doctors often prescribe this for adults who aren’t pregnant.
  • Azithromycin (Zithromax).
  • Ceftriaxone.

How is typhoid transferred from one person to another?

An infected person can pass the bacteria out of their body in their poo or, less commonly, in their pee. If someone else eats food or drinks water that’s been contaminated with a small amount of infected poo or pee, they can become infected with the bacteria and develop typhoid fever.

What are the causative agent mode of transmission prevention and their treatment of typhoid?

It spreads between individuals by direct contact with the feces of an infected person. No animals carry this disease, so transmission is always human to human. If untreated, around 1 in 5 cases of typhoid can be fatal. With treatment, fewer than 4 in 100 cases are fatal.

Is Typhoid a communicable or noncommunicable disease?

The bottom line. Typhoid fever is a highly contagious disease that’s mostly spread through fecal contamination of food and water. When caught early, the disease can be treated with a course of antibiotics. However, if it’s left untreated, the disease can become severe and even fatal.

Can cefixime treat typhoid?

In the last 20 years, treatment of typhoid fever with a 7-day course of a single oral antimicrobial, such as ciprofloxacin, cefixime or azithromycin, given in an out-patient setting has led to patient recovery in 4 to 6 days without the need for expensive hospitalization.

Which antibiotic is best for typhoid in India?

As per the WHO guidelines29, ciprofloxacin or ofloxacin is recommended for fully sensitive typhoid cases; alternatively, chloramphenicol, amoxicillin and co-trimoxazole are also recommended.

Can typhoid be transmitted by kissing?

Hugs and kisses don’t spread typhoid, and people shouldn’t avoid church because they’re worried about catching the disease. That’s the message from the Auckland Regional Public Health Service following the city’s typhoid outbreak.

Can typhoid carriers be cured?

The carrier state, which occurs in 3%-5% of those infected, can be treated with prolonged antibiotics. Often, removal of the gallbladder, the site of chronic infection, will cure the carrier state.

What is the difference between contagious and communicable?

Contagious–also called communicable–diseases, can be easily passed from one human to another, as opposed to non-communicable disease, which literally means the illness can’t be “communicated” to another individual.

Which antibiotic is used for typhoid?

Chloramphenicol has been the antibiotic of choice for patients with typhoid fever for more than 30 years, although ampicillin and cotrimoxazole have been introduced as alternatives, they have side effects, and disadvantages of frequent administration and long duration of treatment similar to chloramphenicol therapy.