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What is the main cause of perinatal mortality?

The major causes of perinatal mortality were trauma (30.5%), low birth weight (23.9%).

What are the main causes of fetal morbidity and mortality?

Most fetal deaths are due to asphyxia, or a reduction in the oxygen available to the fetus. Hypertensive diseases, abruption, prolonged labor, breech presentation (feet or buttocks presenting first), and umbilical cord accidents are often precursors of this type of mortality (Lawn et al., 2011).

What is perinatal mortality and morbidity?

Perinatal mortality is defined as the number of fetal deaths past 22 (or 28) completed weeks of pregnancy plus the number of deaths among live-born children up to 7 completed days of life, per 1000 total births (live births and stillbirths). From: International Encyclopedia of Public Health, 2008.

How can we prevent perinatal mortality?

To avoid maternal deaths, it is also vital to prevent unwanted pregnancies. All women, including adolescents, need access to contraception, safe abortion services to the full extent of the law, and quality post-abortion care.

What is the important & preventable causes of perinatal mortality?

Neonatal deaths and stillbirths stem from poor maternal health, inadequate care during pregnancy, inappropriate management of complications during pregnancy and delivery, poor hygiene during delivery and the first critical hours after birth, and lack of newborn care.

What are some factors that contribute to fetal neonatal?

Among these: educational level [10], sex of the neonate, duration of pregnancy [11], home delivery without skilled provider [12], pregnancy complication [13], birth weight [14, 15], delay in seeking care during illness [16, 17], lack of preparedness of families and care providers, harmful cultural practices [18].

What are the three main causes of neonatal mortality?

The most common causes of neonatal death are premature birth, low birthweight and birth defects. An autopsy may help you find out why your baby died.

What is the difference between mortality and morbidity?

Morbidity refers to an illness or disease. Mortality refers to death. Both terms are often used in statistics. This article explains the difference between morbidity and mortality.

What do you mean by perinatal mortality?

Definition. The perinatal mortality rate is the sum of the number of perinatal deaths (stillbirths and early neonatal deaths) divided by the number of pregnancies of seven or more months’ duration (all live births plus stillbirths).

How can we prevent mortality and morbidity?

Primary prevention, through provision of safe and adequate food/water/sanitation, appropriate shelter and site planning, immunization of vulnerable populations, institution of vector control measures and health education on hygiene/hand-washing, and prevention of CDs as well as dietary and feeding practices (including …

Which of the following falls under perinatal mortality?

perinatal mortality is the sum of still birth (fetal death) and early neonatal death (ENND) i.e. death of live newborn before the age of 7 completed days. Perinatal mortality accounts three fourth of the deaths of the neonatal period and is one of the major challenges for under-five mortality.

Can a woman reduce her risk of maternal morbidity?

In some cases, the woman and her healthcare provider may be able to change some of these factors to lower the risk. But not all factors can be changed. Additionally, some women experience maternal morbidity, severe maternal morbidity, near misses, or death without having any known risk factors.

Is there a link between neonatal mortality and maternal mortality?

Maternal mortality is associated with neonatal mortality, but a lack of data, especially for Sub-Saharan Africa, constrains conclusive findings. A review of the literature suggests that a relationship exists between maternal mortality and perinatal mortality, including stillbirths and early neonatal deaths,…

Who is most at risk for maternal death?

Research shows disparities in the rates of maternal deaths in the United States, with black women and American Indian/Alaska Native women at highest risk for pregnancy-related death.

What does the CDC mean by maternal morbidity?

maternal morbidity as “any health condition attributed to and/or aggravated by pregnancy and childbirth that has a negative impact on the woman’s wellbeing.” 1 The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states: