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What is the complementary DNA strand to?

DNA and RNA base pair complementarity

Nucleic Acid Nucleobases Base complement
DNA adenine(A), thymine(T), guanine(G), cytosine(C) A = T, G ≡ C
RNA adenine(A), uracil(U), guanine(G), cytosine(C) A = U, G ≡ C

What is the correct complementary strand?

Complementary strands The complementary strand for DNA must follow the base pairing and polarity rules. Pairing means that A=T and G=C. Polarity means that the strands have to run in opposite directions. First write the correct base pairing below the original sequence and label the 5′ and 3′ ends.

What is the complementary strand to the original strand?

Later, when the new strand is itself copied, its complementary strand will contain the same sequence as the original template strand. Thus, as a result of complementary base pairing, the replication process proceeds as a series of sequence and anti-sequence copying that preserves the coding of the original DNA.

What is a complementary strand example?

The two strands are described as complementary to one another. Complementary DNA (cDNA) is a copy of a region of a strand of DNA. For example, if the original DNA stand had a sequence of ATT, the complementary sequence will be TAA. The cDNA will bind to the complementary site on the DNA strand.

What is mRNA complementary to?

Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a single-stranded RNA molecule that is complementary to one of the DNA strands of a gene. The mRNA is an RNA version of the gene that leaves the cell nucleus and moves to the cytoplasm where proteins are made.

What is the complementary strand for the DNA strand 5?

mRNA is formed as a complementary strand to one of the two strands of the DNA. Three of the four nitrogenous bases that make up RNA — adenine (A), cytosine (C), and guanine (G) — are also found in DNA.

How do you find the complementary strand?

You can determine the sequence of a complementary strand if you are given the sequence of the template strand. These two strands are complementary, with each base in one sticking to its partner on the other. The A-T pairs are connected by two hydrogen bonds, while the G-C pairs are connected by three hydrogen bonds.

Why does DNA have 2 strands?

DNA Replication. Before a cell divides, its DNA is replicated (duplicated.) Because the two strands of a DNA molecule have complementary base pairs, the nucleotide sequence of each strand automatically supplies the information needed to produce its partner.

What is DNA polymerase do?

DNA polymerase (DNAP) is a type of enzyme that is responsible for forming new copies of DNA, in the form of nucleic acid molecules. DNA polymerase is responsible for the process of DNA replication, during which a double-stranded DNA molecule is copied into two identical DNA molecules.

Why are DNA strands complementary?

Hydrogen bonds can only form between adenine and thymine. They also only form between cytosine and guanine. It’s these bonds that allow A-T and C-G complements to form and, thus, cause DNA to have two complementary bonded strands.

What is mRNA Strand?

Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a subtype of RNA. During the transcription process, a single strand of DNA is decoded by RNA polymerase, and mRNA is synthesized. Physically, mRNA is a strand of nucleotides known as ribonucleic acid, and is single-stranded.

Which is the reverse complement of a DNA string?

In DNA strings, symbols ‘A’ and ‘T’ are complements of each other, as are ‘C’ and ‘G’. The reverse complement of a DNA string s is the string sc formed by reversing the symbols of s, then taking the complement of each symbol (e.g., the reverse complement of “GTCA” is “TGAC”). Given: A DNA string s of length at most 1000 bp.

How do two complementary strands of DNA come together?

Two complementary strands of DNA come together thanks to hydrogen bonding between the nitrogenous bases that allows DNA to make a ladder-like form that twists into the famous double-helix. It’s bonding between the nitrogenous bases that allows for this structure to form.

What is the complementary base pairing rule for RNA?

Using the complementary base pairing rules, you can conclude that the complementary strand is: TTCGACCAAAACTGCTG. RNA strands are also complementary with the exception that RNA uses uracil instead of thymine. So, you can also infer the mRNA strand that would be produced from that first DNA strand.