What is desflurane used for?
Desflurane belongs to the group of medicines known as general anesthetics. Inhaled desflurane is used to cause general anesthesia (loss of consciousness) before and during surgery in adults. It is also used as a maintenance anesthesia in adults and children after receiving other anesthetics before and during surgery.
What is isoflurane used for?
Forane (isoflurane) is a general inhalation anesthetic drug used to induce and maintain general anesthesia.
How do you administer desflurane?
Desflurane is administered by inhalation. Desflurane should only be administered by persons trained in the administration of general anaesthesia using a vaporizer specifically designed and designated for use with desflurane.
How long does desflurane take to work?
This quality allows the alveolar concentration to approach the inspired concentration of desflurane much more quickly, permitting rapid titration of anesthetic levels. Emergence from desflurane after an hour-long case can take around six minutes, in contrast to sevoflurane which can take up to 18 minutes.
When do you not use desflurane?
The use of desflurane is contraindicated in patients with known or suspected genetic susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia, in those whom general anesthesia is contraindicated, and those with known sensitivity to desflurane or to other halogenated agents.
What happens if you inhaled isoflurane?
Long-term exposure may cause chronic or adverse health effects including nausea, dizziness, fatigue, headache, irritability, reduced mental performance, liver and kidney disease, and possible reproductive effects (sterility, infertility, miscarriages, and birth defects).
What does enflurane smell like?
It has an odor that has been described as ether-like or sweet. Exposure to isoflurane waste anesthetic gases has been associated with several health concerns and can occur when vapors escape into the work environment during the administration of anesthesia.
What is the difference between sevoflurane and desflurane?
Sevoflurane has a blood: gas partition coefficient of 0.65, which is slightly greater than desflurane. The major advantage over desflurane is the better scent. It is considered to be less airway irritation in LMA anesthesia with smooth induction and recovery.
What kind of liquid is suprane in a vaporizer?
SUPRANE (desflurane, USP), a nonflammable liquid administered via vaporizer, is a general inhalation anesthetic. It is (±)1,2,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl difluoromethyl ether:
When to use suprane as an inhalation agent?
SUPRANE is indicated as an inhalation agent for induction of anesthesia for inpatient and outpatient surgery in adults. SUPRANE is contraindicated as an inhalation agent for the induction of anesthesia in pediatric patients because of a high incidence of moderate to severe upper airway adverse events.
When to use suprane or desflurane in adults?
SUPRANE (desflurane, USP) is indicated as an inhalation agent for induction of anesthesia for inpatient and outpatient surgery in adults. SUPRANE is contraindicated as an inhalation agent for the induction of anesthesia in pediatric patients because of a high incidence of moderate to severe uppoer airway adverse events.
How is suprane defined as a nonflammable liquid?
SUPRANE is nonflammable as defined by the requirements of International Electrotechnical Commission 601-2-13. SUPRANE is a colorless, volatile liquid below 22.8°C. Data indicate that SUPRANE is stable when stored under normal room lighting conditions according to instructions. SUPRANE is chemically stable.