If you don’t like to read, you haven’t found the right book

What does NP-hard stand for?

In computational complexity theory, NP-hardness (non-deterministic polynomial-time hardness) is the defining property of a class of problems that are informally “at least as hard as the hardest problems in NP”.

What does NP stand for CS?

Non-deterministic Polynomial time
NP stands for Non-deterministic Polynomial time. This means that the problem can be solved in Polynomial time using a Non-deterministic Turing machine (like a regular Turing machine but also including a non-deterministic “choice” function). Basically, a solution has to be testable in poly time.

What does NP-complete mean?

nondeterministic polynomial
A problem is called NP (nondeterministic polynomial) if its solution can be guessed and verified in polynomial time; nondeterministic means that no particular rule is followed to make the guess. If a problem is NP and all other NP problems are polynomial-time reducible to it, the problem is NP-complete.

What is the difference between P and NP?

P = the set of problems that are solvable in polynomial time by a Deterministic Turing Machine. NP = the set of decision problems (answer is either yes or no) that are solvable in nondeterministic polynomial time i.e can be solved in polynomial time by a Nondeterministic Turing Machine[4].

What are P and NP problems?

Roughly speaking, P is a set of relatively easy problems, and NP is a set that includes what seem to be very, very hard problems, so P = NP would imply that the apparently hard problems actually have relatively easy solutions.

What is NP slang?

“No Problem” NP stands for “No problem.” It’s usually used as a replacement for “You’re welcome” when thanks is offered.

Why do we study NP?

The class of polynomial-time solvable problems has nice closure properties (since polynomials are closed under addition, multiplication, etc.) The class of NP-complete (Non-deterministic polynomial time complete) problems is a very important and interesting class of problems in Computer Science.

What are some examples of NP problems?

The list below contains some well-known problems that are NP-complete when expressed as decision problems.

  • Boolean satisfiability problem (SAT)
  • Knapsack problem.
  • Hamiltonian path problem.
  • Travelling salesman problem (decision version)
  • Subgraph isomorphism problem.
  • Subset sum problem.
  • Clique problem.
  • Vertex cover problem.

Is NP an NPC?

The complexity class of problems of this form is called NP, an abbreviation for “nondeterministic polynomial time”. The set of NP-complete problems is often denoted by NP-C or NPC. Although a solution to an NP-complete problem can be verified “quickly”, there is no known way to find a solution quickly.

How hard is NP-hard?

NP-Hard: These are at least as hard as the hardest problems in NP. If we can solve these problems in polynomial time, we can solve any NP problem that can possibly exist. Note that these problems are not necessarily NP problems. That means, we may/may-not verify the solution to these problems in polynomial time.

Which is an equivalent definition of the term NP?

An equivalent definition of NP is the set of decision problems solvable in polynomial time by a non-deterministic Turing machine. This definition is the basis for the abbreviation NP; ” nondeterministic, polynomial time.”

What does NP stand for in polynomial time?

NP (which stands for nondeterministic polynomial time) is the set of problems whose solutions can be verified in polynomial time. But as far as anyone can tell, many of those problems take exponential time to solve. Perhaps the most famous exponential-time problem in NP, for example, is finding prime factors of a large number.

Can a non deterministic Turing machine solve a NP problem?

This definition is equivalent to the verifier-based definition because a non-deterministic Turing machine could solve an NP problem in polynomial time by non-deterministically selecting a certificate and running the verifier on the certificate.

What are the features of the np-7a?

NP-7A now comes with a tough, durable plastic handle and auto-lubrication, plus automatic thread cutting. The portable bag closer is equipped with a safety plastic handle for insulation and features an oil pump lubrication system and automatic thread cutting.