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What do the articles 14 18 in the Constitution declare?

Right to Equality (Articles 14 – 18) The right to equality provides for the equal treatment of everyone before the law, prevents discrimination on various grounds, treats everybody as equals in matters of public employment, and abolishes untouchability, and titles (such as Sir, Rai Bahadur, etc.).

What is Article 13 of the Human Rights Act?

Article 13 makes sure that if people’s rights are violated they are able to access effective remedy. This means they can take their case to court to seek a judgment. The Human Rights Act is designed to make sure this happens.

What is the right to equality and non-discrimination?

equality Rights (1) Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination and, in particular, without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability .

What is the difference between article 14 and 15?

Article 14 provides for equality in general. Article 21 guarantees right to life and liberty. Article 15 prohibits Page 14 14 discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth, or of any of them.

What is Article 6 of the Human Rights Act?

Article 6 protects your right to a fair trial You have the right to a fair and public trial or hearing if: you are charged with a criminal offence and have to go to court, or. a public authority is making a decision that has a impact upon your civil rights or obligations.

What is Article 10 of the Human Rights Act?

Article 10 of the Human Rights Act: Freedom of expression Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers.

What are the four principles of equality?

The content of the right to equality includes the following aspects: (i) the right to recognition of the equal worth and equal dignity of each human being; (ii) the right to equality before the law; (iii) the right to equal protection and benefit of the law; (iv) the right to be treated with the same respect and …

What is equality and discrimination?

Equality means absence of discrimination and. discrimination means absence of equality. Discrimination violates basic human rights and has wider social and economic consequences.

What is Article 21 written?

Article 21 of Constitution of India: Protection of Life and Personal Liberty. Article 21 states that “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to a procedure established by law.” Thus, article 21 secures two rights: Right to life, and. 2) Right to personal liberty.

How is the right to equality and non-discrimination protected?

In international human rights law the right to equality and non-discrimination is protected in two distinct ways. There are ‘subordinate’ and ‘free-standing’ non-discrimination clauses. ECHR/HRA, Article 14, is a subordinate clause and protects individuals from discrimination in the exercise of the other rights protected in the treaty.

When do nondiscrimination tests need to be performed?

Under the 2007 proposed regulations, Code Section 125 nondiscrimination tests are to be performed as of the last day of the plan year, taking into account all non-excludable employees who were employed on any day during the plan year.

Which is the best definition of non-discrimination?

Non-discrimination is a basic principle of international human rights law. A frequently used definition of discrimination is set out in Article 1 (1) of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination as follows,

When does differential treatment not amount to unlawful discrimination?

If such differentiation is reasonable and objective and if the aim is to achieve a purpose which is legitimate under the particular treaty, differential treatment is regarded as justified and does not amount to unlawful discrimination. In international human rights law the right to equality and non-discrimination is protected in two distinct ways.