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What are the nursing management of bronchiolitis?

Children who present with mild to moderate symptoms can be treated with interventions like nasal saline, antipyretics, and a cool-mist humidifier. Those children with severe symptoms of acute respiratory distress, signs of hypoxia, and/or dehydration should be admitted and monitored.

What is the treatment for bronchiolitis in an infant?

Some children with bronchiolitis need to be treated in a hospital for breathing problems or dehydration. Breathing problems may need to be treated with oxygen and medicine. Dehydration is treated with a special liquid diet or intravenous (IV) fluids.

What are critical nursing interventions for a child in respiratory distress?

Immediate nursing interventions include stopping the feeding, positioning with the head of bed up, oral and/or nasal suctioning, and auscultating the lungs to assess for sounds of aspiration.

How do you manage bronchitis in children?

Treatment may include:

  1. Plenty of rest.
  2. Acetaminophen or ibuprofen for fever and mild pain.
  3. Cough medicine for children over 4 years old.
  4. More fluids.
  5. Cool-mist humidifier in your child’s room.

How do you assess a child with bronchiolitis?

Your doctor may collect a sample of mucus from your child to test for the virus causing bronchiolitis. This is done using a swab that’s gently inserted into the nose. Blood tests. Occasionally, blood tests might be used to check your child’s white blood cell count.

How do you prevent bronchiolitis?

Preventing bronchiolitis

  1. wash your hands and your child’s hands frequently.
  2. wash or wipe toys and surfaces regularly.
  3. keep infected children at home until their symptoms have improved.
  4. keep newborn babies away from people with colds or flu.
  5. avoid smoking around your child, and do not let others smoke around them.

How can breastfeeding play a role in the prevention of bronchiolitis?

Exclusive breastfeeding reduces the duration of hospital admission, risk of respiratory failure and requirement for supplemental oxygen in infants hospitalised with bronchiolitis suggesting a potentially protective mechanism.

What helps bronchiolitis in toddlers?

How is bronchiolitis treated in a child?

  1. IV (intravenous) fluids if your child can’t drink well.
  2. Extra oxygen and a breathing machine (ventilator) to help with breathing.
  3. Frequent suctioning of your child’s nose and mouth to help get rid of thick mucus.
  4. Breathing treatments, as ordered by your child’s healthcare provider.

Which intervention is appropriate for the infant hospitalized with bronchiolitis?

Oxygen. Supplemental oxygen therapy is a mainstay of treatment in hospital. Oxygen should be administered if saturations fall below 90% and used to maintain saturations at ≥90%.

How can I help my child with a chest infection?

Most chest infections can be treated at home with plenty of rest, lots of fluids, and any medication that your doctor has recommended or prescribed. Infant paracetamol (Calpol) or ibuprofen may help if your child is experiencing aches and pains, headaches, or similar symptoms.

Will an inhaler help bronchiolitis?

Some children hospitalised with bronchiolitis may have wheeziness episodes with coughs and colds while they are young. While they may benefit from using inhalers, this doesn’t mean they’ll be diagnosed with asthma. If your child had severe bronchiolitis, they may have a cough for several weeks afterwards.

What are nursing care goals for a child with bronchiolitis?

Nursing Care Plans. Nursing care planning goals for a child with bronchiolitis include maintenance of effective airway clearance, improved breathing pattern, relief of anxiety and fatigue, increased parental knowledge about the disease condition, and absence of complications.

Can a baby be treated at home with bronchiolitis?

Although bronchiolitis remains the leading cause of hospitalisation of infants worldwide, the vast majority of those affected can be safely managed at home and in primary care, which bears the greatest burden of the disease. Parents often describe their children as initially being snuffly for one to two days, then they develop a persistent cough.

What causes bronchiolitis in infants in the winter?

Bronchiolitis is the most common lower respiratory tract infection in infants, affecting almost one-third of infants under the age of one. 1 It is a seasonal illness with peak incidence in the winter months. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the cause in approximately 70% of cases. 2

How to prevent the spread of bronchiolitis?

Infection prevention 1 Bronchiolitis is caused by a viral infection which is transmitted via droplets and is highly contagious 2 When providing direct care staff shall wear face protection, gown or apron, 3 Place patient in own room, patients may be cohorted based on known clinical diagnosis