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What are the monomers of carbohydrates and lipids?

Comparing the Biological Macromolecules

Macromolecule Basic Formula, key features Monomer
Proteins CHON −NH2 + −COOH +R group Amino acids
Lipids C:H:O Greater than 2:1 H:O (carboxyl group) Fatty acid and glycerol
Carbohydrates C:H:O 1:2:1 Monosaccharides
Nucleic Acids CHONP pentose, nitrogenous base, phosphate Nucleotides

What are the polymers for carbohydrates?

The most common carbohydrate polymers that are found in nature are cellulose, starch, dextrins and cyclodextrins, chitin and chitosan, hyaluronic acid, and various gums (carrageenan, xanthan, etc.).

Can lipids be monomers and polymers?

The small molecular units are called monomers (mono means one, or single), and they are linked together into long chains called polymers (poly means many, or multiple). Lipids are not polymers, because they are not built from monomers (units with similar composition).

What is the polymer for lipids?

Lipids – polymers called diglycerides, triglycerides; monomers are glycerol and fatty acids. Proteins – polymers are known as polypeptides; monomers are amino acids.

Is a carbohydrate a monomer or polymer?

A large molecule made of repeating subunits (monomers). For example, a carbohydrate is a polymer that is made of repeating monosaccharides.

What monomers and polymers are in lipids?

Lipids – polymers called diglycerides, triglycerides; monomers are glycerol and fatty acids. Proteins – polymers are known as polypeptides; monomers are amino acids.

What monomers make up lipids?

Glycerol and fatty acids are the monomers that make up lipids.

Are carbohydrates monomer or polymer?

Carbohydrates are one of the four basic macromolecules of life. They are a polymer made up of monomers called monosaccharides. These building blocks are simple sugars, e.g., glucose and fructose. Two monosaccharides connected together makes a disaccharide.

What is the monomer for carbohydrates?

Carbohydrates are the polymers that are made up of monomers called a monosaccharide. The common monomers of carbohydrates are simple sugars like glucose and fructose. It is also one of the four basic macromolecules of life. Monosaccharides – these are the simple sugars.

Is carbohydrates a monomer or polymer?

Interactive: Monomers and Polymers: Carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids are built from small molecular units that are connected to each other by strong covalent bonds. Functions of Carbohydrates. A carbohydrate is a polymer, with sugar being the monomer.

What are the monomers and polymers of protein?

Proteins – polymers are polypeptides; monomers are amino acids. Nucleic Acids – polymers are DNA and RNA; monomers are nucleotides, which are in turn consist of a nitrogenous base, pentose sugar, and phosphate group.

Why are proteins considered polymers when lipids are not?

Proteins are considered polymers and monomers because they can form long chain. Also, lipids are not monomer so, it can not attach more to form a polymer.

Are proteins polymers or monomers?

What are the Monomers of Proteins . A monomer is the main functional and structural unit of a polymer. They are the building blocks of polymers. The monomer of a protein is an amino acid. A large number of amino acid molecules join together by peptide bonds to form polypeptide chains.

What is the polymer of a protein?

Amino acids are the structural units (monomers) that make up proteins. They join together to form short polymer chains called peptides or longer chains called either polypeptides or proteins. These polymers are linear and unbranched, with each amino acid within the chain attached to two neighboring amino acids.