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How long does an MR arthrogram take?

The arthrogram itself usually takes about 15 minutes. You may then have to wait a short time before having the scan performed. A subsequent MRI scan may take 30-45 minutes, depending on the joint and the number of scans that have to be done.

How do you do an arthrogram?

In arthrography, a long, thin needle is used to put contrast dye right into the joint and a series of X-rays is taken with the joint in various positions. X-rays use small amounts of radiation to get pictures of the inside of the body.

How big is the needle for an arthrogram?

A 3.5-inch (8.9-cm) 22-gauge needle is inserted until bone contact and the injection is tested with an anaesthetic agent. Flow of contrast medium away from the needle tip and opacification of the joint space confirm adequate position. The joint capacity is about 10 ml.

What is the difference between arthrography and arthroscopy?

Whereas the arthrogram reproduces a black-and-white, two-dimensional picture of a spatial structure (an indirect procedure), arthroscopy provides a colored picture facilitating a three-dimensional assessment of the joint cavity, palpation, and the arthroscopic operation.

How painful is an arthrogram?

Is an arthrogram painful? Not usually. You may feel slight discomfort when your provider releases the contrast material into the joint.

Is an arthrogram a surgical procedure?

What is an arthrogram? An arthrogram is performed to evaluate the structure and function of extremity joints, such as the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee or ankle. The procedure can help determine the need for treatment, including surgery or joint replacement.

Is an arthrogram the same as an MRI?

An Arthrogram uses fluoroscopy and an MRI to specifically diagnoses injuries in the joint structures that an MRI alone would likely miss. MRIs can be ordered with contrast that is delivered intravenously, while an Arthrogram has contrast needle-guided directly into the injured joint.

Why is an arthrogram performed?

An arthrogram provides a clear image of the soft tissue in the joint (e.g. ligaments and cartilage) so that a more accurate diagnosis about an injury or cause of a symptom, such as joint pain or swelling, can be made.

Is contrast dye injection painful?

Occasionally the injection may leak out from the vein to the tissues under the skin – this is known as extravasation. If this has happened, you will experience a stinging sensation where the contrast has gone into the tissue and it can be painful. This will usually wear off after about 30 minutes.

What is injected during an arthrogram?

Arthrography involves injecting contrast media or dye into the joint space so that the small inner parts of the joint can be seen by MRI or X-ray imaging. The information gained in this way can help determine the cause of joint pain and help plan further treatment or surgery.

Where is the arthrography of the Elbow performed?

Elbow Arthrography of the elbow is commonly performed through the humeroradial compartment (Fig. 5). The patient is positioned supine with their hand behind their back, exposing the lateral aspect of the elbow. The target is the anterior aspect of the humeroradial compartment.

How much arthrogram solution do you need for elbow injection?

No more than 8 mL of arthrogram solution is then injected. Also, an elbow injection and/or arthrogram can be done from a lateral approach, accessing the joint between the radial head and the capitellum, if the posterior approach cannot be performed.

How is arthrography of the radiocarpal joint performed?

Arthrography of the radiocarpal joint can be performed as follows (Fig. 7): The wrist of the patient is positioned prone with mild ulnar deviation to lengthen the scaphoid. The target is the midportion of the scaphoid. A 1.5-inch (3.8-cm) 25-gauge needle is inserted in a slight caudocranial direction upon bone contact.

How is arthrography of the hip joint performed?

The arthrography of the hip joint by targeting the medial portion can be performed as follows (Fig. 13 ): 1 The hip of the patient is positioned in slight medial rotation. 2 A 3.5-inch (8.9-cm) 22-gauge needle is inserted until bone contact and the injection is tested… 3 Flow of contrast medium away from the needle tip and opacification…