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How did the French rule their colonies?

Colonies were ruled, on the one hand, through decrees issued by two different ministries (the Ministry of the Interior and the Colonial Office) in Paris and, on the other hand, by executive orders that made the representative of the French government the main source of the law.

How did France rule Africa?

The French presence in Africa dates to the 17th century, but the main period of colonial expansion came in the 19th century with the invasion of Ottoman Algiers in 1830, conquests in West and Equatorial Africa during the so-called scramble for Africa and the establishment of protectorates in Tunisia and Morocco in the …

How did the French rule Louisiana?

In 1762, following the brutal French and Indian War, the government of France negotiated the Treaty of Fontainebleau with their counterparts in Spain. The treaty effectively ceded the territory of Louisiana and the island of Orleans—essentially what is now New Orleans—to the Spaniards.

Who ruled the French colonies?

In World War II, Charles de Gaulle and the Free French took control of the overseas colonies one-by-one and used them as bases from which they prepared to liberate France….French colonial empire.

French colonial empire Empire colonial français
• Cartier claimed Gaspé Bay 1534
• Sale of Louisiana 1803
• Conquest of Algeria 1830–1852

How did the British and French rule their colonies?

France ruled their colonies with Direct Rule, using officials and soldiers from France to administer their colonies. Britain used Indirect Rule, using Sultans, Chiefs, or other local rulers to govern their colonies.

Where did France conquer colonize?

France established colonies in much of eastern North America, on a number of Caribbean islands, and in South America.

Why did France colonize in Africa?

The French colonial encounter in West Africa was driven by commercial interests and, perhaps to a lesser degree, a civilizing mission. By the close of the Second World War the colonized peoples of French West Africa were making their dissatisfaction with the colonial system heard.

Why did France colonize Louisiana?

The French settlement had two purposes: to establish trade with the Spanish in Texas via the Old San Antonio Road (sometimes called El Camino Real, or Kings Highway)—which ended at Nachitoches—and to deter Spanish advances into Louisiana. The settlement soon became a flourishing river port and crossroads.

Why did the French want to control Louisiana?

Why did the French want control over Louisiana? They wished to dominate the mouth of the Mississippi River. The war was fought between the colonies of British America and New France, with both sides supported by military units from their parent countries of Great Britain and France, as well as Native American allies.

What ended the French Empire?

French dominance was reaffirmed during the War of the Fourth Coalition, at the Battle of Jena–Auerstedt in 1806 and the Battle of Friedland in 1807, before Napoleon’s final defeat at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. France’s defeat in 1814 (and then again in 1815), marked the end of the first french Empire.

How big was the first French colonial empire?

From the 16th to the 17th centuries, the First French colonial empire stretched from a total area at its peak in 1680 to over 10,000,000 km 2 (3,900,000 sq mi), the second largest empire in the world at the time behind only the Spanish Empire.

When did the British take over the French colonies?

In the meanwhile, the newly resumed war with Britain by the French, resulted in the British capture of practically all remaining French colonies. These were restored at the Treaty of Amiens in 1802, but when war resumed in 1803, the British soon recaptured them.

Where was the first French colony in the Caribbean?

Local resistance by the indigenous peoples resulted in the Carib Expulsion of 1660. France’s most important Caribbean colonial possession was established in 1664, when the colony of Saint-Domingue (today’s Haiti) was founded on the western half of the Spanish island of Hispaniola.

What was the Black Code in the French colonies?

Slavery in the French Colonies: Le Code Noir (the Black Code) of 1685. Sala-Molins, who taught political philosophy at the University of Toulouse and at the University of Paris-Sorbonne, referred to it as “the most monstrous legal document of modern times” and only a weak barrier to the master’s tyranny.